Cheremha - Delicates, which is used in snacks, sauces and salads. You did not think where the spicy stems are taken from, what useful qualities do you have? We will tell about this in our review - read everything about the plant, recognize the new and enjoy the beautiful aroma and taste of finished dishes!
Maybe you tried this delicious delicacy in the finished form, but do not know what the shortcut is? Board the veil of the mystery!
Let's start a description from the definition - this is a perennial plant of a family of onion, growing in swampy terrain, wet forests or artificially cultivated in homemade gardens. You will like the answer to the question where the abrade grows in Russia - almost everywhere!
- Central part of the country;
Exception - the extreme north, at the cold temperatures not to survive the shoots. Garden dust and wild shoots are grown at a temperature of from 10 to 17 degrees of heat, in a shady wet place.
There are several similar names of the plants that you should remember:
- Bear onions;
- Siberian onions;
- Wild garlic;
- The last name of the abrade - flask.
On our site you will find a lot of interesting information, here is an example of some interesting and useful articles:
The plant breaks up after the first retreat of the cold, it is possible to collect from March to May - the leaves, shoots and bulbs are suitable.
What kind of draft we figured out - let's talk about how useful stems grow!
- Burnt bulbs are unlucky - up to 15-20 centimeters, exclusively in loose soil;
- Lukovka - false, are attached to the rhizomet and have a diameter of 1-2 centimeters;
- Straight triangular stems can reach a height of 20 to 60 centimeters, each has two sheets;
- Growing leaves rolled into the tubes that unfold, become dense and smooth as they grow;
- List length - up to ten centimeters.
Now you understand how the abrade looks like in the process of growth. Go to the most interesting? Blossom starts in May and lasts until the end of June:
- On the stem, the spherical umbrella of flowers of delicate white color occurs;
- Coloros reaches 30-60 centimeters in height;
- Gradually, the white color changed to yellow, finally, seeds appear;
- Black seeds have a form of peas.
You can highlight two varieties plants:
- Victory bow. Grows in the Caucasus, in China and America, in Siberia and in the Urals
- Corner or mouse bow. Growing in Central Asia, Europe and Belarus.
Look at the photo of the Blue Plants in order to understand how it looks at home bed or in the wild. Let's turn to other important characteristics?
- The smell saturated, resembles a combination of onion and garlic;
- Taste - sharp, spicy. Some find notes of mint in it.
We finished with the definition - you learned how and where the abrade grows, they saw distinctive signs in the photo. It's time to follow! Let's discuss the useful quality of plants and possible contraindications.
The benefits and harm of the abrade
Discusited in detail what kind of plant is a ceremsh. Before trying spicy stems and leaves, it is necessary to carefully study the composition of the product and figure out what it is useful, and what can harm.
We begin with a rich chemical composition:
- Vitamins RR, A and C;
- Thiamine and pyridoxine;
- Riboflavin and iron;
- Magnesium and calcium;
- Potassium and phosphorus;
- Beta carotene.
In one hundred grams of the Bear Luca contains:
- 34 kcal;
- Carbohydrates - 6.5 g;
- Proteins - 2.4 g;
- Fat - 0.1 g
Go to the useful properties of the abrade - the presence of an impressive list of advantages is due to the huge content of vital substances!
- Normalization of the chair;
- Preventing the occurrence of meteorism;
- Improvement of metabolism;
- Contributes to digestion of food;
- Reduces cholesterol levels;
- Reduces blood sugar levels;
- Helps to remove parasites from the intestine;
- Protects cells from damage to free radicals;
- Displays a wet from the lungs;
- Reduces the risk of heart attack;
- Contributes to strengthening the immune system;
- Soothes skin irritation;
- Prevents the development of prostate adenoma;
- Strengthens the articular fabric;
- Improves blood clotting;
- Strengthens teeth and tissue gums;
- Has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- Saves from rheumatism.
Agree, the use of the abraise is obvious! The plant has long been in vast demand in cooking and traditional medicine precisely thanks to these positive qualities.
Do not forget about possible harm - any product can be dangerous if you abuse them every day. If you eat More than 15 leaves , you can encounter such side effects.
This side effects can cause excessive use of the product:
- Problems with the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
It is strictly forbidden to use the abonym in the following cases:
- Pregnant and nursing women;
- In the presence of inflammation in the stomach and intestines;
- If there is a tendency to allergic reactions;
- If you suffer from ulcers, cholecystitis and pancreatitis;
- In the presence of diagnosed hepatitis.
You learned about the benefit and harm of the abrade for the human body! If you do not have contraindications, you can start cooking! Let's talk about how to use the leaves and shoots?
Do not everyone know how to cook the abrade - here are some simple rules that will be useful to the novice culinary:
- It is necessary to rinse the plant thoroughly;
- Remove the roots.
You can use the flask in the raw form or after heat treatment. However, be careful, taste qualities are lost from high temperature, so add leaves is at the end of cooking.
So how to cook the abrade right, with what dishes it is combined? The list will be quite voluminous!
- Add fine in salads or sauces;
- Can be put in stew or minced meat;
- Mix with boiled sliced eggs and use as stuffing for pies;
- Coloros can be marrying or planting;
- Touch together with vegetables;
- Decorate ready-made fish and meat dishes;
- Finely bane and add to soup, pizza or sprinkle pasta, casserole;
- Add to dishes from eggs or fried potatoes;
- Cook soup resembling spring soup.
If there was no bearish onion at hand, you can use leek or green onions. You will not achieve a similar taste, but you can get a similar result.
Experiment - you can crunch fresh leaflets and stems or cut and smear the plant. In any case, the result will pleasantly surprise you.
How to choose and store
It is necessary to figure out in detail how to choose a product - there are several basic rules that will help to make a purchase! By purchasing a plant on the market or in the store, pay attention to:
- On the density and freshness of the leaves. You do not need hard or faded leaves, look for smooth and green;
- There should be no spots and signs of damage;
- Stems should be cut immediately over the root.
We hope our tips will help choose a quality product! If you have purchased a brightest or raised it yourself, it's time to learn how to properly storage. There are small nuances that we will tell now:
- Fresh plant can be stored in the refrigerator one or two weeks. We recommend placing it in a plastic bag and sprinkle with water;
- Sew sheets are not recommended - essential oils, providing taste and aroma, destroy.
You can pick up a jar of delicacy:
- Rinse the leaves and stems, boil them until half-ready;
- Make marinade - enough water with salt, sugar and vinegar;
- Fill the plant and block jars.
Interesting storage method - oil cubes:
- Rinse and finely cut the brightest;
- Add several spoons of olive oil and send a lot to a blender;
- Grind to a porridge state and burst into ice molds;
- Freeze and put in the bag, use if necessary.
Finally, let's try the frost method:
- Rinse the plant, cut the roots - stems can be finely cut, the leaves are better to leave integers;
- Plunge them in boiling water for 10-15 seconds, then take it cold water;
- Consider a breath, package by packages and send to the freezer.
We told you what kind of plant - the Blue, the photo will help get an idea of the external characteristics of the plant! Boldly buy stems to add diversions into casual meals - they will introduce the necessary note of piquancy. And will become a useful addition to the daily diet!
First food bears who woke up after the winter hibernation is the abrade. Hence another plant name - Bear Bow (but there is one more - wild garlic). But not only the brown inhabitants of forests rated the benefits of this fragrant herb, wild boars are also not averse to to enjoy the greens of the abrade. She likes and cows, but from such a delicacy, their milk becomes garlic taste. And this no longer like a person. So the cows have to do without a favorite plant. But people do not need to abandon the fragrant greenery of the Bear Bow. On the contrary, it is important not to miss the Semish season and stock vitamins that contain this grass.
What is Cheremsh
Cheremsha belongs to the same botanical family as onions and garlic - Allium. But unlike its "echultured" relatives, instead of a rice bed of the Bedside Bow prefers forest glads. The biggest "plantations" of Cheremshi Botany are found in wet forests of Asia, Western and Central Europe, in Siberia. Also, the plant loves the coast of swamps, streams, rivers.
Absham is one of the earliest spring perennial plants. As soon as snow comes down, the first green leaves of a bear onion are glued in the glades. By the way, if one for the first time sees the greens of the abrade, most likely will take it for the Lily of the Lily. Leaves of both plants are very similar. Yes, and the flowers have a bearish onion are also white, and the same gentle as in the valley. But in the form they differ. Bear Flower Luke Reminds Little White Snowflake Star, Lossing Greens in May Forest.
Advantages of Cheremshi.
The healing properties of the plants of the Allium scientists are known for a long time. But researchers from Germany did not take opening so long ago: it turns out that there are several times more manganese, magnesium, iron and sulfur in the leisure leaves, than in the more famous representative of the Allium family - garlic. But even with extremely high portions of sulfur, the cerema has a more gentle smell than garlic. But it is precisely sulfur, as you know, is the cause of a characteristic smell of bulbous vegetables. But the structure of the sulfur is presented in a special form in which it binds to the protein. And such a chemical transformation affects the smell of the plant. However, the absence of caustic smell does not affect the useful properties of sulfur. It is precisely thanks to this chemical element of the bear, the bow is an excellent means for regulating cholesterol in the bloodstream, the prevention of many cardiac disorders. The sulfur contained in the grass improves blood flow, prevents the occurrence of stroke and heart attacks. In addition, this element has the ability to derive salts of heavy metals from the body and other toxic substances.
Cheremoshi leaves are an excellent source of phytoncides, calcium, vitamins C and a, manganese, copper, magnesium, iron, iodine, boron, zinc and selenium. Also, as part of the leaves, researchers found adenosine substance, which is useful for regulating blood pressure and heart rate. In addition, there are several types of antioxidants in the box, and they are known to protect the cells of the human body from the lesion by free radicals.
As in most other bulbous, in the abyss, useful compounds known as allicin and allicin are contained. They affect the blood coagulation process. And if you feel more accurate, it is prevented by too active blood clotting, thereby do not allow the formation of blood clots in the vessels. Also, the abrade is useful as a natural drug for blood dilution.
This grass is suitable and as a source of fiber, essential oils, organic acids, proteins and useful carbohydrates. As for the energy value of the plant, then in 100 g of grass there is no more than 35 kcal.
Use for the body
In folk medicine, the abrade is known as grass, reduced high pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Bear Bow is also known as phytosteria for the prevention of atherosclerosis and treatment of tachycardia. This grass is useful at frequent dizziness and insomnia. And our great-grandmothers believed that the greens of the abrade helps to clean the blood.
Beneficially affects the respiratory organs. The herbalists use it for the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and influenza.
An unpleasant sensation in the stomach and intestines can also be eliminated using this fragrant greenery. It is useful in diarrhea, meteorism, intestinal colic. Bloom of a bearish onion is also used to remove intestinal parasites and in the absence of appetite.
Some components contained in the plant have anti-inflammatory and painkillers. Due to this, the abrade is considered useful for people with rheumatoid arthritis.
The shortcut is useful for improving blood circulation, gold treatment, eczema, herpes. The juice of this plant improves the memory and activates the brain work by activating the inflow of blood to it.
This grass has pronounced bactericidal properties and can serve as effective protection in the height of the epidemic of viral diseases. If a couple of minutes to cheese the greens of wild garlic, you can get rid of harmful microbes in the oral cavity, and therefore, and protect yourself from the diseases transmitted by air-droplet. And the rich reserves of vitamin C make it useful to strengthen the immunity and the prevention of zing.
But the juice of fresh leaves, if applied to it externally, can be useful when degrading, and also will save from warts.
Alcohol's alcohol infraces are not less useful. They prepare them, as a rule, from one piece of grass and 4 parts of vodka. Such a medicine can be used to rub the joints affected by rheumatism, with radiculitis and neuralgia. This means is useful to bury in the ears with purulent otitis or take inward 30-40 drops to strengthen immunity.
Use in medicine
Cheremsha has many useful properties. Most often in phytotherapy, this grass is mentioned as a plant with such properties:
Also, this grass is used to remove local inflammation and irritation, against pain in the stomach and as a means that stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. This is a plant with violations of the functionality of the thyroid gland and with metabolic disorders.
Popular recipe for hypertension
For the treatment of hypertension in the old days, the alcohol tincture of the abrade was used. For this they took young leaves and flowers of grass. They were washed, folded into a glass vessel and poured with vodka in the amount of 1: 5. Then the vessel was put on a dark place for 3 weeks. For the fourth week, the medicine was ready to use. Standard herbalists advised to take 20-25 drops of tincture three times a day. But the effectiveness of this medication must be said to say the following. It does not belong to the preparations with a rapid effect, to obtain real results of therapy, you will need at least several months (sometimes six months). But the effect of treatment, they say, will continue for a long time. The same tincture can be useful for the treatment of avitaminosis, chronic fatigue and dysbiosis.
To get rid of ascarides and other intestinal parasites, it is useful to get a tablespoon of the abrain before each meal intake. This medicine is prepared from crushed leaves and bulbs, filled with dry white wine. Insist the means of 2 days.
Lovers of the Cherems are worth knowing that, despite all the usefulness of this grass, there are contraindications for its use. So, patients with pancreatitites, cholecystitis, inflammatory processes in the intestine or stomach, wild garlic is contraindicated. Do not include this grass in the menu of people with gastritis or ulcerative disease. It is better to stay from the abrade of pregnant women and nursing mothers. And the concentrated infancy of the grass is prohibited in epilepsy and some diseases of the cardiosystem.
But even the most healthy people are not worth abuse. Nutritionists advise to eat no more than 20 leaves of grass per day.
What is still useful
Several bushes of the abrade would be useful in their own garden. First, every spring you will have your own glade with extremely useful and delicious greens. Secondly, the presence of the abrade in the garden or in the garden scares insect pests and moles.
How to collect and store
There are many plants that externally resemble the abraise. And if, collecting bearish onions for eating, it is necessary to say it with the valley, I must say, it is not the biggest tragedy. It will be worse if one of the poisonous herbs will fall on the table, whose leaves are also very similar to wild garlic. The easiest way to make sure that they collect exactly the plant - rub the sheet between your fingers. After such manipulations, the abrade will give his characteristic garlic flavor, other plants will not be.
For culinary needs, they are usually used, only young leaves of the abrade - before the flowering of the plant. At the same time, grass bulbs also collect. Old, very dense or sluggish leaves are not suitable for eating, as they almost do not contain nutrients.
Use in cooking
The shortcut appears when there are no even the earliest vegetables (fruits from the greenhouse does not count). Therefore, the greens of wild garlic like not only the bears who hungry after the winter sleep, but also to people who, during the winter months, also managed to bother to miss fresh vegetables. And this greens, reminding the taste of "hybrid" of green onions and garlic, serves as an excellent addition to the spring menu.
All parts of the plant are in food: leaves, stems and bulbs. Cheremsha is an excellent source of useful minerals and vitamins. And in the conditions of spring avitaminosis, it can be considered the most useful food to strengthen the immunity.
Fresh leaves are well added to salads, sandwiches, soups, dishes from vegetables, of which the filling for pies are preparing. Fresh greenery is well combined with eggs, fish and meat, as vitamin C contained in the grass contributes to the absorption of iron.
The recipe of one of the most simple salads offers mixed boiled and sliced chicken eggs with chopped abonym. Add spices, dill and fix with mayonnaise or sour cream. Pearls onions will fit both as a side dish. At first it should be slightly boiled, and then put out in butter or cream. If you grind a fresh greens of abrade, dill, basil and cedar nuts in a blender, and then the resulting mixture is to fill with spices and olive oil, it will be refueling for pasta, soda for sandwiches or base for sauce to meat or fish.
Cheremsha is one of those herbs that are not advised to dry, because after that she loses many of its useful properties. But the bear onions can be frozen, marinate, pick up, saline. To spit the abrahe for the winter, it is necessary to fold in the bank clean leaves of grass, add dill, black peas, coriander, horseradish, bay leaf and all pour hot brine.
The fresh leaves of the abraise before drinking is desirable to store in the refrigerator in the paper package - so they retain their freshness and useful substances.
Only in 1992 in Europe, the abilityr received the official status of the medicinal plant. But in fact, the useful properties of this grass is known to humanity, not the first century - still the Egyptians and the ancient Romans used it to improve the work of the organs of the digestive system, as well as as protection against plague and cholera. Today, people are known much more about the healing strength of the abrade and more and more often this grass appears on our tables as food.
We will be grateful if you use the buttons:
The abrade is valued primarily for the early spring yield of fragrant greens, which is not only tasty, but is very useful due to the high content of vitamins and phytoncides. Another plus of this wonderful plant is the ability to grow and blossom in strong shading, under trees with a dense crown and even along the northern walls of buildings, at least conditions for other plants. Traditionally, the abyme collected in the forests, but it is easy to grow in the garden plot in almost any region.
Do we know much about the hell? Her luxury leaves, fragrant greens, unpretentiousness and fine beauty, as well as how, "breaking out" to freedom, she can turn from your friend to the enemy, becoming truly malicious weed! Let's talk in more detail about this culture.
What is a shortcut: types of plants with photos and description
Wild garlic , Chenzeli , Bear Luc , Levurda , flask , Cheremha - A nonsense perennial herbaceous plant, dropped in full beauty in the late spring - early summer. Its similar to the valley, light green leaves are valued for a pleasant garlic taste and beneficial properties, not only strengthening, but also intake organism.
You can meet the breath most often in shady hardwood and fir-fir forests, in the beams, lowlands - where it is quite humid. The area of its growing is incredibly wide. Austria, United Kingdom, Georgia, Spain, Netherlands, Slovakia, France ... Where only she grows!
Call the abbess everything in a row, to put it mildly, incorrectly. It happens two main species that are pretty much different.
- Allium Ursinum – Bow bear (in our country is found in the Caucasus).
- Allium Victorialis. – Bow victory (Completed mainly in the Far East and Siberia).
On a note! In many countries, the Cheremsh is under guard and entered into the Red Book, it is for this reason that it is increasingly growing as a cultivated plant.
The stores more often found the "European" blacks of a bearish, or easier to the bow of bearish.
The plant has oblong on the shape of a bulb in length approximately in a centimeter, a three-way high stem and a couple of leaves, tightly embracing the stem at the base. The sheet is originally and the plate, it is lancing, gradually turning into a pet. The bow of bearings forms a semi-like, carrying some snow-white flowers, inflorescence and a fruit - a spherical box, in which there is a handful of black seeds.
The second appearance is the so-called Dushshchi Victory, or the onions of the Victory. It is such a plant that can often be found on the beds in Siberia. It is usually larger than the previous view. It is based on a cylindrically conical bulb. Often there are two or three small diameters. Each bulging separately from the neighbor is attached to Koshovaya Kornvik.
On a note! It is believed that the Breath of Victory originated in Asia. In the wild form, the plant is also found in the Far East, in Siberia and in the Urals. And in Europe, archaeologists found the ancient seeds of the cerema of bearish during the excavations of the settlements that existed during the Stone Age period.
Sibirsk Siberian Stem is higher, the average "height" is about meter. Separate instances can even exceed this bar. The stem is not ill, it is dressed by leaves almost half. The plant carries a spherical elegant inflorescence with numerous white flowers.
This type of abrade is suitable for cultivation both as vegetable culture and in the form of decorative, because it can form a very spectacular tight bush. Its spherical inflorescences are formed at a time when other cultures, such as Luke, are just beginning their development. Sometimes the abrahe is planted literally on the borders of the garden plot, not far from large trees, fence or walls of the residential structure. Comparative characteristics of beggar onion varieties:
|Sort name||Height of the bush, see||Leaf dimensions, see||Days from the beginning of the growing up to the first collection of leaves||Yield, kg / sq.m||Originator|
|Bear Delicates||55.||20-25||15||up to 2.0||"Seremovzzovzzzzz, St. Petersburg|
|Medshound||up to 60.||20-30||1,6||Russian Seeds, Moscow|
|Bear Ear||55-60||twenty||1.9-2.5||IP Kudryavtseva, Moscow|
At the Siberian Cheremoshi (bite of victorious) cultural zoned varieties has not yet been created. Amateur gardeners successfully grow plants taken from wildlife or purchased from other gardeners. In Siberia and in the Far East, the wild abrade is still a lot, so you can neatly dig into the forest several bushes or collect seeds with wild thickets.
Cultural varieties of abraise in Russia
The introduction of a bearish bow in the culture began not so long ago. In our country, scientists brought three varieties with very romantic names - Bear Delicates , Medshound , Bear Ear .
So close names are obviously chosen for her due to the fact that in nature the plant loves to enjoy the bear.
All three contain a large amount of biologically active substances and can be grown on an industrial scale. Their taste and external appearance are generally coincide with the description of the natural wild-growing species, there are only minor differences in the size of the leaves and the speed of their rustling. All varieties are designed for gardening and personal subsidiary farms, can be grown throughout the Russian Federation and in neighboring regions.
In turn, the bow victory is widespread in Siberia and the Far East. However, in the center of the country, it is almost impossible to meet this plant. For the complete adaptation to the harsh climatic conditions, the locals and nicknamed him - the Siberian Cheremus.
Features and morphology of the Blue Plant
Cheremsha - ephemeeroid. In other words, a perennial, the above-ground part of which develops in the spring, and by the end of the summer, dies. Her gentle leaves in March are the first vitamin greenery. But, the older the plant becomes, the rougher of its fabric, so the collection of the abrade continues only before flowering, which starts in May.
After flowering from the abrahe, seeds are tremened. They will germinate for the next year. If they preserve and sink them in the spring, sprouts will appear only in the next spring season. But the shortage of the ability and in another way - vegetatively. Well formed plants form two replacement bulbs that can be separated and planted for a bed.
To the genus of the bow, the subfamily of the onion, the Amarillix Blue family is not randomly. It really has a small elongated bulb, with a diameter of about 1 cm. During flowering, the inflorescence of an umbrella is thrown into the inflorescence, on a long enough, from 15 to 50 cm a triangular stem. It has linear lanceal, white leaflets of the perianth. Folds a box with practically round seeds. But the real leaves at the abhele only two. Quite narrow, 3 - 5 cm in width, sharp, lanceal type, they are somewhat inferior in height stalk. Their stiff is already the main plate and almost twice as long.
How to grow a brighter in the open soil
Culture is simply ideal for growing both in the open ground and in protected, but can stay on your balcony or loggia.
On a note! Determining the place of landing of the abrade, it is worth remembering that this culture loves enough fertile soils, shading from direct sunlight and moisture. For this reason, it is better to have it under trees or a fence - where there is no scorching sun, there is no stagnation of water and the soil is not distinguished by increased acidity.
Landing and care for the abrahe in the open soil
The first two years behind the plants only take care: watered, loose, feed (with any complex fertilizer one - twice the season). Since the cerema bulbs have a property every year to rise from the ground by about 0.5 cm, starting from the second year, the garden is mounted with a thin layer of foliage foliage.
The onions of the victorious loves sunny plots that usually goes against the wishes of the average owner of six acres, because, as a rule, such cultures are trying to post on more shaded lands. However, in such adverse conditions, the abrade can grow well.
It is eliminable only with respect to the acidity of the soil. In a too acidified area, the abrade will not grow at all. She also loves the abundance of moisture, but not her oversupprance. The main thing is to prevent the soils of soil, the leaves in this case can become rude.
After a lump-sum landing, the abrade is able to grow for many years in one place. But for this it requires a simple care. It is necessary to fight with weeds only at the initial stage, until the plants have not gained strength. Then they will cope with this threat.
Than to feed Cheremush
If the soil is quite fertile, then the first few years you can not make fertilizers. Over time, the Earth will begin to eat, and then it is time for an artificial fuel. You can use nitrogen fertilizers, for example, in the form of ammonium nitrates in a ratio of 20-30 grams per square meter.
On a note! Cheremsh also adores the body introduced under the soil pixel. On such feeding, the plant will answer the active growth and rapid formation of the vegetative mass.
The best fertilizer for the cerema - leaf humus, which is scattered with a thin layer on the surface of the earth with the onset of autumn. In the extreme case, you can replace it with a fully decomposed compartment.
Cheremoshi transplant: bulbs conservation technology
Seedlings planted on the garden usually turn one more year. When they grow enough, they can be transferred to a permanent place. It is best to do this in the spring, because at this time the soil is very soft. In such conditions it is easy to dig plants without damaging the bulbs.
When landing, you can burst a little. Such technology is often used in country areas, where the garden does not have the opportunity to work daily. Blowing allows you to save bulwing and plants in general on possible short-term drought.
After disembarking, the abrade is necessary to pour warm water, in which small doses of nitrogen fertilizers can be dissolved. With a transplantation, attention should be paid to the possible presence on plant plants. If they are, they need to be trimmed. This is done in order to give bulbs normally take root in a new place, saving nutrients.
Sometimes the abrade is not transplanted in the spring, but closer to autumn. At this time, all the above-ground part of the plants die and the bulbs are in peace. They plan them in such a way that they are bueled for a couple of centimeters into the soil. Otherwise, the bulbs may not come.
On a note! If you decide to take a big plot under the abrupt, then plan the landing in advance. It should be borne in mind that one square meter of the Earth should have no more than 75 bulbs. You can collect up to 1.5 kg of fresh greenery. By the way, it is necessary to cut it out selectively so that the lows are not very fastened.
Joint landings: Satellite-satellite plants
Because of the complete die away, in the middle of summer, there is always a danger of losing, put it or accidentally flooding the plantation of the abrade. The easiest way to solve this problem by planting suitable neighbors plant plants. For this, large slowly growing perennials are suitable, well-feeling in a wet shadow and retaining beautiful foliage to deep autumn. For districts with harsh winters, it is primarily local species of large sockets of ferns (Ostrichnik, Piece, Kocheznik), Volzhanka (Aruncus), winter-hardy types and varieties of Tolody (Labaznika). In the middle lane and south to them are added Rogers and large-scale hostesses.
The benefits of such joint landings are obvious:
- The plot looks decorative for the entire season.
- The shortcut will not be lost and will not be flooded, if necessary, it is easy to find it and dig even in a noiseless state.
- Watering decorative perennials provides sufficient humidity for the abyrth.
- Weeds at such a plot grow less than on bare ground with sleeping bulbs.
Satellite plants plant approximately in the meter of each other, and between them there are cerema curtains. Such a composition is well withstanding 5-7 years without transfers and divisions.
If there are quite a few places or there are water problems for watering, you can do without concomitant plants. In this case, the bulbs of the abrade are placed in 15-25 centimeters from each other. To protect against weeds, in the second half of the summer, cover the landing with black mulching agrofiber. At the beginning of autumn, this protective coating must be removed.
Methods of breeding Cheremshi.
As for breeding, the optimal version here is vegetative, bulbs. For this, early spring or on a cloudy summer day from the kurtna, it is necessary to separate a part of the bulbs (necessarily with the roots) and put on them with rows at a distance of 20 - 35 cm from each other with 2 - 45 cm beaters.
However, to get them even in our time very problematic. Instead, it is possible to master the method of breeding seeds. If you decide not when they find them, but to collect yourself, you should remember a number of nuances so that there are no unpleasant surprises in the future.
It should be borne in mind that the seeds ripen pretty early, already in the middle of summer. You should not wait for their dropping out of boxes, because it will be problematic from the ground. In addition, they will take a very long time. The ideal option is to extract the seeds that have not yet formed a solid shell right out of the boxes. Such a landing material will grind much faster, and the percentage of germination will be significantly higher.
Note! When sowing seeds do not plunge into the soil, but mulched with a small layer of land.
Seeds can be sown right in the summer when the workload in the garden is not so great. It is better to place them immediately in a peat-up potted pots that are now in fashion. Thus, you completely get rid of the need to transplant. After some time, the pot can be simply inserted into the ground, their shell is dissolved and will also become additional nutrition for novice plants.
How to collect and prepare the seeds of the abraise to sow
After a bunch of floral umbrellas, boxes with seeds are formed, followed by carefully, because they ripen they are very uneven. As soon as the seeds are ripe, the boxes dry and open so that the seeds can fall on the ground. At this point, they should be collected and immediately sowed to a permanent place. They are scattered over the surface of an explosive and aligned plot, not falling asleep soil, and carefully watered. Such sowing fresh seeds gives good shoots of the nearest spring.
On a note! Wait until you burst all the boxes do not. You need to take a wrestler and periodically shake into it what has already matured. Or put on the infloresception paper bags and wait until the seeds fall into them themselves.
If the ripe seeds did not get into the wet land immediately and remained dry longer than a month, they begin the period of deep peace. Such seeds usually spare through 2 winters. Older seeds completely lose their germination.
The easiest way to sow seeds under the winter immediately at a permanent place. But sometimes for some reason it is impossible (for example, if the seeds were acquired late in autumn or at the beginning of winter, when there is already a deep snow). In this case, the seeds need special preparation - stratification, without which they will never come.
At home, the seeds are conveniently stated in the usual household refrigerator. There are 2 main options:
- Wrap the seeds into a wet napkin and wrap with polyethylene;
- Place seeds in a small container with wet sand.
The option with a napkin is convenient because you can periodically check the condition of the seed. Packing with wet seeds are placed in the refrigerator and withstand at no less than three months. In the spring, stratified seeds are sown to a permanent place. If suddenly, the seeds began to actively grow straight in the refrigerator, and before the snow was still far away, you can sip seeds into the pot or drawers with the soil, and then carefully fall into the garden.
Features of the cultivation of the abrade in the regions
Cheremshu feels great in all regions of the forest zone of the former USSR and even in Tundra. Easy to grow it and in the forest-steppe zone.
Growing the abrade in the Urals, in Siberia and the Far East . This is a favorable region of the region, in local forests, its Siberian variety (flask, the onions of the victorious) grows in huge quantities. On sites with deep snow cover, you can grow and grade a beggar onion. But for minor areas with particularly severe frosts, the bowls are not enough for winter films, only a local flask from the nearest forest survives in such conditions.
The cultivation of the abrade in the North-West, including in the Leningrad region. The region is very favorable for both species. Cool, cloudy, rainy summer allows you to grow the abrahe even in open places. Watering is rarely required, only with a long lack of rain.
Growing the abrade in Belarus, Northern Ukraine and the middle lane of Russia, including the Moscow region. When landing in a half-detection or shady spot, both types of abrade grow well here. It takes no less than 1 time per week in hot dry weather. If the Cheremsh is planted under the trees, watering is especially important: the roots of the trees are very dried by the soil.
Growing the abrade in the steppe zone of Ukraine and in the south of Russia. For the abrade here is uncomfortable: too hot and too dry. The problem can be solved by planting a thick shadow from the northern side of the buildings. Obligatory watering 1-2 times a week. Here the abherence grows better on the northern slopes, in deep ravines. It will be favorable a neighborhood with a stream, moisturizing air.
Diseases and pests of abrade
The pests and diseases are practically not terrible. In rare cases, with strong overwhelming and on acidic soils, it is manifested by rust, and then gray rot.
On a note! The yellowing and dying of the leaves shortly after flowing is a normal physiological process.
From the pest sometimes there is a onion leaf (Lukovaya Treshchka). Beetles and their larvae feed on the leaves of the abrade, other types of onions and garlic, as well as lilies, rippers and other bulbous plants. Brightly colored red beetles are well noticeable on plants, they are easy to assemble and destroy them.
How to identify the breath and her dangerous "twins"
The most reliable way to identify the abrade - its garlic smell, especially the part of the sheet or stem, especially the trituration of the sheet. Lily of the Lily, Chemeritsa and a lack of carrying are very poisonous, so in no case can the unfamiliar leaves do not taste!
At the host, the leaves are deployed significantly later than that of the Cherems, so it is difficult to confuse them. The tricks of the hosts are recognized immediately according to the characteristic color.
Collection of Cheremshi leaves
The crotchy yield reaches 3 kg from a square meter. However, cut off leaflets from plants only on the third year of development. It is necessary to know that the remote vegetative part of the current year will not resume, and therefore, it will be possible to harvest the greens again on the same place after two or three years.
Based on this, it makes sense to grow the abrade immediately on three beds, with a landing step in one year, or collect the leaflets selectively.
Useful properties and use of the Blue
They appreciate the ability primarily for the high content of the useful substances. Vitamin A, B1, B2, C, RR, folic acid, niacin, iodine, fluorine, calcium, selenium, zinc - which is only not in it! Due to this, it stimulates the operation of the gastrointestinal tract, has a positive effect on the composition of the blood, cleans the skin, helps with a cold, strengthens the immune system, heals the cardiovascular, accelerates the metabolism, is characterized by pronounced bactericidal properties.
On a note! A day is recommended to eat no more than 15-20 asthenia leaves. At the same time, the crude mustache is better to eat in combination with butter or sour cream. So you can avoid damage to the walls of the stomach of the active substances contained in the plant. However, the unlimited consumption of the abraise still can cause unpleasant consequences - headache and insomnia.
Edible in the boxes and leaves, and stem, and bulbs. It is used in raw form, in salads, as a side dish, in cooking, marinate, dried, insist.
Reviews of Cheremche
And for several years I tried to germinate from seeds from seeds, and the result is 0. I sowed and tried to the winter - everything is no sense. Seeds of different manufacturers, and the result is the same. Apparently until the seeds reach us, they already lose their germination. It is safer to find someone in someone's bulbs, but not yet possible.
It grows, care requires a minimum. But in the spring it is a pantry vitamins. We use it mainly in the latest form. The plant has a challenge, grows under trees and shrubs, but requires enough moisture. The soil prefers neutral, very badly tolerates alkaline and sylnic acids. Proper mainly vegetatively, replacing lows, seeds spread only with the suspension sowing. If you sew seeds, the cutting of greenery is produced no earlier than the third year, in order to give her the opportunity to rush well at the reserved place.
And we did with the abrade davgan to fun. Slawed seeds, they did not go. Sowned for the sake of the experiment, especially without hoping for shoots, under the apple tree, in the shade. A year later, preying the weeds, the wife discovered the Cheremoli, which "deigned" to get out of God's light only for the second year. The abraise was a little, three-four kestic, and they are "scored" weeds.
The shortcut, in the people it is called wild garlic, it has a strong garlic smell, grows up to 40 cm, the stem of the reprehension, the leaves are pointed and reminds the leaves of the valley. Collect the abyme from mid-May before the beginning of the summer, freshly drinking as a spice, make salads with a black and egg, using mayonnaise or sour cream, as desired, you can leave the Redishka or Okuchik. The abraise can be harvested in the GOB for the winter, it is useful as fresh and saline, I use every year in moderation.
Breaks of abrade for landing in the garden I bought early spring on the market. Weak rapts with a not too good root system landed near the trees of Cherry, in a half-tree. For several days irrigated. The shortcut passed on and even bloomed in the same year. In the first year, the leisures of the Cheremshi do not need to turn into food - let it be rooted better. The gentle greens already appears in April and from the second year it can already be cut off (for several leaves from the plant) and eating. Very useful greens with a lot of vitamins, smelling garlic, as can not be in spring salads, however, they eat it and boiled and pickled.
It's not difficult to grow a brightest in the garden. When complying with simple rules of care, this beautiful unpretentious plant will be for many years to decorate the garden and delight the spring harvest of delicious vitamin greenery. The breeding of the abrade in the garden sites will help to maintain the intact overlooking it in the wild, which is especially important for those regions where the wild ceremony has become a rarity.
Note! In nature, the abyme grows with large curtains, filling the extensive squares. If you allow her to reset seeds in the garden, with time the plant will turn into a malicious weed.
Video: How to grow a brightest in the garden
The abrade is called one of the species of Luka. Can be grown in wild or home conditions. Usually, the abrade germinates in the area with the predominance of fir trees and deciduous trees. This article describes in detail the conditions for germ gear and a method of collecting.
What is this plant?
Sometimes you can meet other names of this plant - wild garlic, bear onion or flask.
The shortcut is very useful, widely used in the preparation of healing info. It is used to strengthen the immune system, purification of blood from harmful substances, with elevated pressure and to rejuvenate the body. Food is used by the following elements of the plant: leaves, shoots and bulbs.
Why is the abraise call the bear bulb?
The plant usually appears after cold retreat. It is for that bears that have come out after the hibernation. Thus, animals get the necessary vitamins for the functioning of the body.
Bear bow fragrant and useful plant. According to taste, it looks like garlic and onions. The height of the abrade is 20-60 centimeters. The main elements of the plant - the bulb, stem and leaves.
The leaves of the Cherems appear on the light after thawing the first snow. The bouquet time begins in March and ends in May. It is at this time that a plant with a juicy and fragrant taste can be collected.
The blossom of the abrade occurs in May and June. During flowering on the stem, an umbrella appears in the shape of a white shade ball. After a while, he changes the color to yellow. After that, seeds appear in the form of peas of a dark shade.
At the beginning of autumn, you can collect the bulbs of the plant. According to the appearance of the cathrash, the valley resembles Lily. Blinding onion is distinguished by a sharp and spicy smell.
To whom Cheremsh is recommended
It is recommended to use chemash to fans of sharp and spicy dishes. Pearls can be added when preparing dishes or after. Sometimes the plant is dried and used as seasonings. Also, the ability is used for the harvesting of marinades and sauces.
The plant contains the following useful elements - selenium, calcium, thiamine, iodine, fluorine, ascorbic and folic acid, retinol and others.
This plant has the following beneficial properties:
- improvement of metabolism;
- strengthening the immune system;
- the destruction of harmful microorganisms;
- Soothes irritated skin;
- helps with digestion problems;
- Healing cardiovascular system;
- Purification of blood from harmful substances.
Where is the dog grows?
To date, the plant grows in many countries. Special distribution has in Holland, Georgia, Spain, Belgium, Ukraine, Austria and Russia. In large quantities grows in the next territory of the Russian Federation:
- Mountain Altai;
- Moscow region;
- Far East;
- Pskov region;
Blinding bow does not grow in the extreme north. To date, in some areas of our country, the abyme is listed in the Red Book.
The plant grows in a wet and darkened terrain. Usually appears on meadows that are surrounded by deciduous and coniferous rocks of trees. Sometimes the abrade grows near the river and swampy terrain.
The main places to grow in the abrade:
- deep ravines;
- along the fences;
- in grass;
- near the walls of buildings;
- Forest thickets;
- Among dense coniferous trees.
The plant can grow everywhere where there is access to water. Can grow almost on any soil.
The main conditions for growing the abrade - coolness, high humidity level, no penetrating sunlight.
Wild bear onion grows on the next area:
- in glades;
- near ponds and rivers;
- in borou or forest;
- in the park.
When to collect a brightest?
Cheremsha can be collected when the plant gives shoots, fruits, and can also be used on the bulbs of the plant.
Typically, the plants are started to collect at different times of the year. It depends on the region in which the collection is carried out. As a rule, the beginning of the period for March and April. The collection ends during the flowering of the plant (in May).
Green shoots of the plant are perfectly used in the preparation of blanks. You should not use the shoots that were collected after the flowering of the Bear Luke.
Babe fruit collection is carried out in August and September. At the same time, it is best to collect in advance - over time the fragrance and beneficial properties of the plant are lost.
Bulbs of plants are used in the preparation of various dishes. The collection is carried out as follows - it is necessary to carefully reach the bulb from the soil, it is carefully rinsed under water. After that, you can feed the plant on the table or use when cooking.
Where to collect a chemash?
- In the Caucasus, the collection of the abrade is carried out from January to March. The plant usually grows around the mountains or in the foothills.
- Chechen Republic - the end of January - the beginning of March. Onions are assembled until the snow is completely melted.
- The Moscow region is the end of spring - the beginning of summer. Plant collection is beginning to appear fresh shoots. The end of the collection falls on the period of flowering plants.
- Far East - April-May. The collection continues until the extension of the abrade.
- Ural - the whole of May.
- Siberia - the end of April - mid-May.
This article describes in detail the useful properties of the abrade. The methods of using the plant, places of growing and methods of collection are considered.
The abrade is a very useful and nutritious plant, is widely used in the preparation of various dishes and in traditional medicine.
When using a bearish onion, it is necessary to adhere to certain requirements. Before use, all useful and harmful properties of the plant should be carefully examined. Compliance with the basic requirements will help extract maximum benefit.
Early spring, only will only come down, on the shores of rivers and lakes, young green leaflets appear on the edges of the forests. The shape of the leaves resembles the valley, and to taste - a real garlic. This is a natural pharmacy for people and animals - the abrade.
What is Cheremsh
The shortcut, also known as the bow of bearish, garlic wild or Kalba - herbaceous perennial of the amarylline family, the genus onion. Only the snow will come down, his young leaves and arrows appear. Woken, the bears, which was exhausted for winter, eat juicy greens, restoring the strength after the hibernation. Hence the name - bow of bearish.
Young cerema greens appear early in spring
The ceremsh is developing from an extended thin bulwing, not thicker 1 cm. Stem is a trothed, from 15 to 40 cm, and often up to 50 cm high. Long and thin stiffs carry the oblong lanceal leaves, in shape resembling lily of the valley.
Leaves on thin cutters appear from the bulbs of the Blue
At the end of May either in early June - during flowering - the stem produces a semi-shaped umbrella with small white flowers in the form of stars. Blooming ends with the appearance of seeds - black small peas.
The blossom of the abrade is completed by the appearance of seeds.
The greenery of the abrade in taste and smell looks like garlic. That is why they do not advise the mouth of the cattle in the places of growing a bowl of bearish. Milk and meat of animals who emitted in the food inheritance, acquire an unpleasant taste and unusual color.
Places of Growing
Wild cerema grows everywhere in Europe, in the Caucasus and most of our country. It can be found on the shady banks of rivers and lakes, as well as in the forests of Transbaikalia and Siberia, right down to the tundra. Very often, the bow of bearish forms whole glades that are fabulously beautiful during flowering.
Blooming Dreams forms Beautiful Poles
In many regions of Russia, the abrade is listed in the Red Book.
Collect the wild chemash need to be early in spring, before the onset of heat. The greens of this plant is nutrient and tasty at this time. A little later, when the air temperature rises above 18 ° C, the leaves of the abrahe are griste and become unbearable.
Using the Cheremshi.
In food, the abymes are used as a spicy greens, and all parts of the plant and the leaves, and the arrow, and the bulbs are in the case. In the fresh form it is added to salads and okroshka, but it is good and in hot dishes. Soups and all kinds of sauces are prepared in the Caucasus from the Cherems, in Siberia stands with vegetables, and in Germany it is a wonderful filling for pies.
Sandwiches with a bait - very fast, tasty and useful breakfast.
Pasta for sandwiches
For the filling you will need:
- 150 g of solid cheese;
- 3 boiled eggs;
- small bunch of cerema;
- 2-3 mayonnaise tablespoons;
- Salt and pepper to taste.
A sandwich is preparing:
- The abyme is cut and tolten with a salt into the mortar before the selection of juice.
- Eggs and cheese rubbed on the grater.
- Add mayonnaise and pepper.
- Everything is well mixed.
- Fold the resulting packer slices of bread.
Sandwiches with paste of Cheremshi - Great breakfast
Abshamsha harm for the winter. It can be caring, marine and even pick up, and most of the vitamins and useful trace elements are preserved.
Easy way to preserve the abrade
For salting, 600 g of salt will be needed for 1 kg.
- The leaves together with sweets are well washed and soaked in cold water for half an hour.
- Then, the raw materials are scratched with boiling water laid by layers of about 2-3 cm in a sterilized can.
- Each layer sprinkled with salt.
- The bank is closed by a caprony lid and clean it in a cold place.
Salted Cheremus will delight in winter
Therapeutic properties of the Cheremshi.
Bow bearish - ancient medicinal plant. Archaeologists, thanks to the research of the settlements of the neolithic era in the Alps, discovered the Cheremoshi particles. This gives reason to believe that people used this plant and several thousand years ago:
- The healing properties of the abrahe were used by the ancient Romans and Celts;
- In ancient medical directories, this plant is referred to as a faithful means of protection against plague and cholera during the epidemic.
All parts of the abrade are rich in vitamin C, and its maintenance directly depends on the place of growth of the species - in plants of high-mountainous areas of this element an order of magnitude more. Also in the abrahe contains:
- protein, mineral salts,
Due to the variety of useful substances, the ability is used in therapeutic nutrition during avitaminosis as anti-cutting, bactericidal and intestinal motility. In addition, the use of this herb in food helps the recovery of metabolism, a decrease in cholesterol and blood pressure, improves the work of the heart and blood vessels.
Video: Details about Wild Shame
Precautions for use
Due to the large content of phytoncides, the abrade can have an annoying effect on digestive organs, so it is necessary to use it into food with caution, especially people with diseases of the stomach and gallbladder.
In the wild, the abrade is found only one species. However, thanks to the selection works of agricultural enterprises, new varieties of this plant appear:
- Bear Delicates - a long-term early spicy variety with a large outlet, pretty frozen. Thanks to juicy gentle leaves with pleasant taste, it is recommended for use in salads, for salting and marination;
- Bear - early grade. Dark green leaves, large, lonelyweshoids. The surface of the sheet is covered barely noticeable waxing. Collect the first harvest can be 15 days after the appearance of the leaves. Bear is withstanding a decrease in temperature and a slight overvocation of the soil;
- The ear of the ear is a shortness of the early ripening time: from the appearance of shoots until the first collection takes place for 20 days. The long-term plant of a slightly ground taste. Leaves are long, narrow, bright green. The variety is very yield, 2-2.5 kg of raw materials are collected from one square meter.
Photo Gallery: Cultural Varieties
- Breatham Bear Delicates Variety is good for salads
- Bear Gramshirt Grade - Early
- Breath of Bear Grade Ear has a slightly big taste
In Siberia, the cerema is also called the relative plant - the bow is a victorious or victorious. These species are very similar to both in structure, but the bow is much larger, although the content of valuable and nutrients does not differ from the abraise.
Onions of the Victory - Siberian Blue
Growing the abrade on the household plot
Many gardeners, especially in those areas where the wild cerema is not growing, grown it in their sites. Of particular difficulties, this process does not cause this process, but at some points you should pay attention to:
- The scene should be shady and wet;
- culture is multiplied most often by seeds that have passed stratification;
- The ceremsh is a plant-to-tug, so you need to be ready that the seed seeds will only come to the next year;
- An adult plant will become two, and blooms, most likely, three years after landing.
Seeds of some cultures to climb, must pass stratification - decrease in temperature for up to 100 days. In nature, this process goes naturally when the seeds falling in the fall all winter are under the snow, and in the spring are tightened into the ground with thawed waters. For stratification of garden plants, a refrigerator is successfully used.
Video: Sowing Cheremoshi in snail after stratification
Cheremsha is a wonderful gift of nature, allowing a person to diversify and enrich his diet. But it is important to understand that this is a slowly growing grass and collecting it on an industrial scale will result in the complete disappearance of the valuable onion. Therefore, the breeding of the abrade in the preservation areas can be considered a environmental event.Hobbies play a big role in my life - flower growing, gardening, traditional medicine, pets. I love nature and all alive, so I read many articles dedicated to various phenomena and patterns of life, everything that carries harmony. Rate article:
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In the spring-autumn period, the human body needs additional sources of vitamins, which are contained in such an unusual plant as a ceremsh. The plant is one of the first to appear from under the snow.
Wild-growing grass Slavic peoples used to prepare simple peasant dishes containing tremendous health benefits.
Wild garlic is another name of this unusual plant, which was taken as medicinal folk healers as medicinal raw materials. Perennial grass has a specific smell and many other names: flask, bearish onions, wildline lily, etc.
Thanks to the beneficial properties, the plant is successfully used both in culinary skills and for recipes of alternative medicine.
Cheremsh - what it is and where it grows
The plant grows in many regions of Europe, the Caucasus and Transcaucasus. It can be found from Norway to Azerbaijan, in the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
The first shoots appear in the spring at the occurrence of thaw, pierce through last year's leaves.
When collecting the abraise, it is important to be sure that the grass is not poisonous, be able to distinguish it by external signs. It has the leaves of an elongated form having a width of up to 5 cm.
They often warn, do not confuse the leaves with the valley, as they look like, but the valley is poisonous. You can distinguish them in a pronounced garlic smell that publish leaves.
Blossom comes in May or early summer. With white inflorescences, in the form of an umbrella, you can get seeds that you can germinate.
Composition and calorie
Bear Bow is rich in the following components that have a fruitful effect on human health:
- High content of group b vitamins;
- A huge amount of ascorbic, folic acid, provitamin A;
- Saturated with organic acids necessary for the normal functioning of the body;
- Amino acids supporting health at the optimal level;
- Mineral salts, they include: boron, iodine, iron, zinc and other trace elements;
- There are fructose and different kind of poly and monosahara;
- In the leaves focused in large numbers essential oils;
- Starchs, ash, phytoncides, as well as fiber required for the normal functioning of the body.
Wild garlic per 100 g contains 2.4 g of protein, carbohydrates 6.1 g, fats - 0.1 g, food fibers - 1 g, water - 89
The calorie content of fresh grass per 100 g is 35 kcal, which makes it a light product that can be included in the diet.
But it is useful, it is young shoots, if buds and flowers began to appear, the plant is edible, but not so juicy and tasty. It is better to take without flowers.
On its basis, it is preparing easily dishes that benefit all the body and help to lose weight.
Useful properties and contraindications of the abrahe
In the composition of the grass is allycine, giving aroma. This substance has a powerful antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antiviral and antifungal impact.
Such properties are especially necessary in the treatment of various disease spectrum. From the latest studies, also, the substance is able to kill the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, which is the cause of the development of ulcerative disease and stomach cancer.
The flask has the following effect on health:
- Strengthens the cardiovascular system, is a prophylactic agent of atherosclerosis;
- Improves work throughout the tract;
- Increases appetite;
- The organism is less susceptible to stress and mood drops;
- Positively affects immunity;
- Leads an active fight against pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungus;
- Suitable for the treatment of different kinds of skin diseases;
- He stops signs of colds, treats cough.
1. Not recommended receiving flasks during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
2. Also, the plant is better to abandon the gastritis, ulcer of stomach, pancreatitis, epilepsy.
3. The high ratio of vitamin C and essential oils may well be absorbed by the body.
Cheremsh - Benefits and harm for men and women
Wild garlic has the following action:
- Thanks to him, food is quickly absorbed;
- Increases appetite;
- Improves the state of constipation;
- Regularly cleans the intestines;
- Fitoncides in the composition of the grass destroy worms;
- Help to fight with colds, virus diseases;
- It has an antipyretic effect;
- Positively affects hormones;
- Helps to reduce blood cholesterol;
- Fruitfully affects the heart and vessels;
- The body is easier to cope with stress;
- It helps well with various skin pathologies, used for processing wounds and foci of inflammation.
For maximum benefit, you need to consume 4-8 sheets no more than 3-4 times a week, if there is a lot and often, there may be arrhythmia, insomnia, digestion of the gastrointestinal tract.
Nicotinic acid present in the plant strengthens the nails, makes hair more obedient and healthy.
Vitamins of group B care about the state of the nervous system, the body is easier to transfers stress.
Fresh wild garlic can be included in dietary food, which is important to observe when weight loss, also high concentration of essential oils contributes to improving the quality of sexual life.
Components that make up the flasks provide a persistent erection in men of different ages. Their potency increases, and the sex life is becoming better.
Also, fresh greens is an excellent prophylactic agent of male genital diseases.
Is the pickled abrade
To prepare a simple snack, you need to purchase enameled dishes.
For the marinade you need to take 1.2 liters of water, 190 ml of 9% of the cutlery, some black pepper, 3-4 laurel sheets, 3 tbsp. l. Sugar sand, 2 tbsp. l. Large salt.
All ingredients to mix and bring to a boil, fill over the marinade prepared greens of the abrade. After cooling, the container is sent to a cool place.
The pickled product is suitable as an additive in dishes, can also act as an independent ingredient. The prepared supplement will increase performance, improve digestion, contributes to a good mood.
How to choose and store the abrahe
In the spring, it is often selling it in the markets, on rural, small, or large. In supermarkets and shops I did not meet.
Before buying a shortcut, you should pay attention to the following aspects:
- Leafs should be smooth and green. Do not choose tough and faded leaves;
- When inspection, no spots and various kinds of damage on the plant should not be detected;
- Carefully inspect the stalks: they must be cut immediately over the root.
It is important to maintain the product correctly so that it brings the maximum benefit.
When stored, you pay attention to the following points:
- Fresh greens are suitable for one or two weeks, if it lies in the refrigerator.
- Place it in a plastic bag and sprinkle with water.
- It can be placed in a water container, top with a bag, and in this form put in the refrigerator.
- It is not recommended to dry leaflets, because when drying, essential oils, giving taste and aroma, will disappear.
For preservation, the plant can be chopped or stored in the form of cubes with oil.
Grass mixed with oil for long-term storage in the freezer
- Rinse and grind the abrahe;
- Enter several spoons of olive oil and shift the mixture into a blender;
- Having achieved a porridge state of pouring a lot of molds for ice;
- Freeze and shift the cubes into a package for convenient use.
How to cook flask for the winter
Wild garlic can be harvested in various ways: making, salting, preserve. For frost, one-piece leaflets are selected to rinse and give a little to dry.
After that, grind raw materials and fold into polyethylene bags, or a container and send to freezing. Thus, it will be possible to maintain maximum useful substances.
Blinding bow is better to plant in spring. At this time, a maximum of biologically active substances is concentrated in the plant.
You will need the leaves of the abrade and salt in the proportion of 2 to 1.
In the pre-treated bank layers lay out the cut leaves and sprinkle with salt.
Each of them can be up to 3 cm.
The jar is tightly close the caproic lid and put in a cool place.
Folk recipes with a abrade
Juice, squeezed out of fresh flasks, can be used in the processing of minecory wounds. When it is diluted with water 1 to 2, such a composition will be approached for rinsing throats with an angina or treatment of the oral cavity.
It is also possible to bury it in the nose and treat the diseases of the nasopharynx.
Composition from eczema
Fresh greens need to be thoroughly crushed by having achieved a cashadow state in a mixture of sea buckthorn oil and an apple vinegar taken on one tablespoon.
A ready-made makeup to lubricate places with a focus of defeat and keep a few hours for the first two-three days. On the following days, ointment can be imposed on the night.
The composition will save from itching and irritation, accelerate healing.
What can be cooked from the abraise
In fact, dishes There are a huge set, picky and salted it, fry with eggs and lard, fry with meat, prepare a wide variety of salads with vegetables, fish, meat and egg.
Salad with carrots
Salad is pretty pretty simple, resembles a carrot "in Korean". I was on the blog offered my proven abrade recipe in Korean, and this little different. But it seemed to me, quite interesting.
The following components will be needed:
- Carrot - 500 g;
- Cheremsha - 200 g;
- Vegetable oil - 100 ml;
- Salt to taste;
- Spices and spices - dill seeds, coriander, mixture of peppers, oregano.
1. Grind carrots on a special grater so that it is in the form of a long straw. Season with spices, spill and melt hands to form juice. It is important that the formation layers are soft and juicy.
2. Stem of wild garlic to extort on cubes, leaving leaves. Each cube should be no more than 5 mm, and leaflets to seize so that their width reaches 15 mm. All parts spill, slightly replay.
3. Mix vegetable blanks, pre-massacled, twisted with vegetable oil and leave in such a form to insist about half an hour.
This is the very first vitamin salad, which can be prepared even from the aborter with a boiled egg, without using vegetables.
- Shamesha - 1 beam;
- Boiled eggs - 3 pcs;
- Radish - 150 g;
- Cucumber - 100 g;
- Canned corn - 1 bank.
1. Chemsh and vegetables crushed, eggs disassemble the slices.
2. Mix the components, fill sour cream.
3. When applying, decorate up the naked greens and egg crumb.
What else can you cook from wild garlic?
Sauce is suitable for both different garnings, for example, for paste and as a layer for pizza between the test and filling. It can be used as refueling to salads.
For the recipe required:
- Cheremsha - 250 g;
- Cheese of solid varieties - 100 g;
- Almonds or walnuts - 100 g;
- Half juice lemon;
- Vegetable oil - 60 ml;
- Salt and pepper - to taste.
1. All components are placed in a blender and beat. The first must be nuts, then all other products, besides vegetable oil. Nuts can be a bit to do for the disclosure of the flavor and taste.
2. Gradually pour oil, beat to a homogeneous state.
3. The resulting sauce is stored in the refrigerator 5-7 days.
A variety of vegetables can be served with a bait. She can act as an independent product for cooking.
- Cheremsha - 800 g;
- Vegetable oil - 2 tbsp. l;
- Tomato paste - 350 g;
- Spices - to taste.
Prepaid dish in the following sequence:
1. Before cooking, wild garlic soak half an hour in the water.
2. Pour some water in the pan, add a couple of tablespoons of oil and lay out greens.
3. Stew about 10 minutes by incorporating the lowest heating.
4. Dry water with the help of a colander.
5. Put the abrahe in the pan, add tomato paste and spices to it.
6. Stew out the dish for another 10 minutes and you can start tasting.
The abrade is well combined with mushrooms, so this component can be entered into the dish.
Useful and interesting facts about the plant
The Germans loved the wild grass and in honor of her they arrange parades and carnivals. Located shows are obtained colorful, praising unusual grass.
Also bearing onions include in the composition when baking festive buns.
Blinding bow connected with cheese and bake fragrant Ossetian pies in the Caucasus. The dish is solid and tasty.
Ancient peoples took wild grass as medicinal raw materials against the epidemic of plague and cholera.
Cheremsha (Wild Onions, Chezsel, Levurd) - Perennial Spicy Aromatic
The plant belonging to the bowl.
It grows mainly in a wild form, has an external similarity with
Lily Shel, when his leaves did not dismiss; According to taste
The cerema reaches a height of 40-cm, has a bulb without
cumbling scales, that is, the cutters of the plant are thickened,
Arriving a fleshy. Left leaves are pointed. In
Flowering time throws a semi-shaped umbrella with white
|Flowers. Fruit - triangular box. Seeds spherical,||Black.||Grows on the filler meadows, blisters of rivers, streams, swamps,||in glitstic, broadly-fir, Olkhov||Forests, often forming thickets. Distributed in high||and southwestern Europe, Mediterranean countries, small|
|Asia, Scandinavia. In Russia, mainly in Siberia.||The food is used in food, leaves and the bulb of the plant.||The leaves of the abraise usually collect in spring, before flowering.||The taste of the leaves of the abrade resemble the greens of garlic and bow,||they are rich in vitamin C. The collected grass is used in||fresh form as a spice in salads, soups, vegetables like|
Stuffing for pies. Grass Quastsy, Salt and Marinate;
It is not recommended to dry it, because in such a state
Cheremsha loses part of its valuable qualities.
In the Caucasus, predominantly used in hot dishes,
and raw bulbs who also collect blossoms eat bread
and salt. In Germany, bread and cakes also bake
In hot dishes, add instead of basilica
in a special kind of pesto.
Low-calorie dietary product, which contains in the raw form
Total 35 kcal. Boiled abrade with oil contains 124 kcal and not
It is recommended to people suffering from obesity.
Food value in 100 grams:
Proteins, grFat, gr
Carbohydrates, G. Ash, gr
Calorie, kcal 2,4.
Useful properties of Cheremshi.
Ancient Romans and Egyptianly Distribution - Miracle Plant,
They believed that it helps to clean the blood and stomach,
improves the activity of the digestive tract, contributes
- improving the appetite and activity of gastric juices. Her
- Used with different purulent diseases, Qing,
Atherosclerosis, worms and intestinal infections. Known
Also that in ancient times it was actively used
in food during the cholera and plague epidemics.
The shortcut contains a lot of vitamin
properties. Has a strong smell of garlic that partially
removes if before use the abrupt abrupt
Boiling water and pour vinegar. It has anticiritative conventional
The abrade is useful for the work of the heart, it is able to lower
Blood pressure and blocks cholesterol formation
|plaques. Waterman recommended when avitaminosis, atherosclerosis||and hypertension. Ancient Greeks believed that||This plant has the property of "support courage."|
|Cherems leaves have strong bactericidal properties.||Enough two or three minutes cheese a leaf of the Chechemshi like||Enough two or three minutes cheese a leaf of the Chechemshi like|
|All harmful microflora of the oral cavity will be killed by the released||From the vegetable tissues of purulent phytoncide substances.||From the vegetable tissues of purulent phytoncide substances.|
|Phytoncides are also improving the growth and development of human tissues||And contributes to their recovery. In certain doses||phytoncides have a beneficial effect on strengthening the nervous system,|
|reinforce the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract,||contribute to improving metabolism, stimulate heart||Activity.|
The shortcut is also a great tool for prevention.
and the treatment of colds.
Juice and crushed leaves were used externally
various skin diseases, especially degrating and warts.
Folk Lekari Infusion of Abrashche out of 10-20 g of raw materials for 1
A glass of boiling water is prescribed during fever, they rub
Sick places for rheumatism.
Alcohol tincture in the form of a risk and rubbing, and
Also, reception inside the cough of various origin is treated.
- Crude abrahe is eaten for diseases of the thyroid gland,
- hypo and hyperthyroidism. Cheremsha, unlike many
- preparations used in the treatment of atherosclerosis and
- diseases of the thyroid gland, does not cause medicine
- Hyperthyroidism, even with long use. Similarly
- raw use sauer or salty breath and, except
- It is used as an exciting appetite.
Dangerous properties of Cheremshi
- Cheremsh is opposed to pancreatitis,
- cholecystitis, hepatitis, inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to the exciting
- Actions for digestion.
It is also not recommended pregnant, as well as people with gastritis,
Gastric ulcer and epilepsy.
It is impossible to abuse the influence of the abrade, as they are pernicious
affect the cardiovascular system, and besides, can provoke
Headache, insomnia, stomach disorder.
You can learn about the benefits and dangers of abrade from the transmission fragment of the cycle "On the most important thing".
- Accuracy of information
- See also the properties of other herbs and plants:
- On the order you will receive interesting information about the abache: what is this plant, where it grows, what vitamins in the composition, how to prepare and much more. In recent years, it is very popular as a culinary grass - is largely due to its useful properties. There are many recipes for cooking dishes with a bait, which entered the diet of people leading a healthy lifestyle.
- What is Cheremsh
The shortcut is a perennial plant with a strong onion-garnish aroma. Young greens collect early spring, before flowering. Closer to the summer, the leaves of the Cherems are griste and become inedible.
The abraise is used in fresh form in salads, the window and how to season in all dishes, where garlic is appropriate. Add to omelets, soups, sauces for meat and fish. Raw bulwings eat as a snack, dipping in salt.
- The abrade is grown as a garden culture, but more often they collect growing in the wild. In Siberia and the Far East, this is one of the favorite wild plants. In the season, the abraise is collected and eaten in large quantities, and also harvested for the winter: salted, marinate, frozen.
- What does the shortcut look like - photo and description
- The Cheremsh is a bulk, a perennial plant that grows in wet forests and is often found in swamps (flat plains). This Diharos is known and under other names: bear onions, wild garlic, Siberian onions, flask, Ramson, Leururd, Hannis, etc.
- The name "Cherems" combines two similar views of the wild onion, similar to both externally and biological features:
- Victory (Allium Tricoccum) - North American.
- Bear (Allium Ursinum) is European and Asian variety.
- Despite the name, the shortcut is not at all like the onion onion. The growing leaves are first rolled into the tube, then unfold and acquire their usual look: flat, smooth, width of the sheet plate 2-10 cm, cutters 2-4 times shorter sheet.
- The plant is rhizable, present bulbs do not form, only false, diameter 1-2 cm, cylindrical shape, 3-6 cm high, covered with light brown or grayish-brown mesh shells attached to oblique rhizomet.
- Rhizomes are unlucky (15-20 cm), so a loose soil is needed for the abrace. Flowers plant at the end of May.
Flowerines with a height of 30-60 cm, inflorescence is a ball-shaped or semi-shaped multi-flowered umbrella. Flowers are almost star, whitish-greenish, very tender and beautiful.
- How blooms Cheremha
- Fruit - spherical triangular box. Seeds are larger than that of the onion of the reptile, almost spherical, shiny, black.
- In the natural state of the abrade breeding mainly vegetatively, forming rather thick thickets. The plant relates to long-livers: the urgent age reaches 46 years.
- The food uses young leaves and their lower part with a bulb in fresh and dried. After drying, the abrade partially loses the aroma, but retains taste.
- How to distinguish the abrahe from the valley and cheer
With independent collection of Di Kore, please note that there are externally similar toxic plants. People who are not so well disassembled in the botany can easily confuse the forest abraise with the lily of the valley or the cheer.
The most important difference is the unique garlic flavor of the abrade. However, if you have already saved her leaves, the smell remained in your hands and will no longer be a reliable criterion. Nevertheless, it is possible to distinguish the breath of the lily of the Lily of the Lily of the Lily of the Lily of the Lily of Lily (see the table).
Lily of the valley
- Strong garlic smell
- No garlic odor
- Leaves matte
- Shiny leaves
- Always only one stem with leaves
- At least two stems with leaves
- No skes
- Soft leaves
- Hard leaves
- Hard, corrugated leaves
- What smell and taste
The fragrance of the cerema is a delightful combination of garlic and bow. Early shoots, like most wild greenery, the most sharp taste. The smell of leaves is changing, and their texture becomes more coarse as flowering approaches.
How to choose and where to buy
The Semish season lasts about the beginning of March to May. During this period, it can be bought in supermarkets or in the markets.
Choose young, strong plants with green intact leaves without spots and signs of wilting. If the greens wondered, it means that the shortcut was collected for a long time. Rough big leaves indicate that they are cut after flowering. In both cases it is worth avoiding the purchase.
How to store and prepare for the winter
|The freshly plane abraise is well stored in a plastic bag in a vegetable compartment of the refrigerator 1-1.5 weeks. Add a few water drops to the package to keep the greens of fresh longer.||Cheremsha can be prepared in the future: freeze, saline, pick up, put it. During drying, flavoring essential oils are destroyed, so this method of storage is not the most successful.||How to freeze|
|Thoroughly rinse the abrade under a strong jet of cool water, cut the roots.||White bulbs and purple red stems cut bigger.||2|
|Green leaves before freezing is better blanched. This will help them keep an attractive bright green color.||To blanch the abrade, bring water to a large saucepan. Lower green leaves there. After 15 seconds, pull them out and immediately plunge into ice water.||2|
|Blanched leaves latter cut.||Spread the chopped greens on the baking sheet and place in the freezer.||4|
|After freezing (after 1-2 hours), shift the abrade along containers or sachets and send to the freezer for further storage.||Another way to keep the abraise for the winter is to create oil cubes.||0|
|To do this, first rinse the greens as indicated above. Then grind the leaves and stems in a blender or kitchen combine with a sufficient amount of olive oil to make a paste or sauce.||Fill the trays for ice cubes with the resulting mass. Freeze, then pull the cubes and put into containers (or bags). Each cube will contain approximately 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil.||5|
|Send back to the freezer, use as needed.||How to pickle - video||How to tasty salvas at home - 3 ways|
|Application of the abrade in cooking||Green leaf leaves can be used in the kitchen as garlic, onions and leeks in fresh and cooked as for first dishes and for the second. Its taste is sharper than the garlic, but when heated, it loses sharpness and aroma, so add this grass at the end of the cooking process.||2|
|Before cooking the abrade, thoroughly rinse it under the jet of cold water, cut the roots.||Here is what you can cook from the abrace:||Fresh finely chopped leaves are ideal in salads and vigrets.|
|Crumpled with a salt of an appetizing greens with black bread.||Delicious wounds and soups are boiled from the abrace.||How to tasty salvas at home - 3 ways|
|It is added to meat minced meat.||Make patties with egg and abrade||7|
|Use as seasoning to meat and fish dishes and as a filling for pies.||The sharp sharpness works well in variations of pesto sauce without basil: grind 100 g of fresh grass, 100 g of parmesan and 60 g of roasted cedar nuts. Mix with 150 ml of olive oil and add some salt - pesto ready. Stored in the refrigerator for about two weeks! You can make the taste of sauce even more piquant if you take a hazelnut for the recipe.||3|
|The abrade is suitable as seasonings for the preparation of flavored oil, sauces and vegetable dishes.||Delicious wounds and soups are boiled from the abrace.||It combines well with fish and bird dishes.|
|Try adding it to scrambled eggs or fried potatoes.||Delicious Salad of Cream and Potatoes - Recipe||Ingredients:|
|600 g of potatoes (cooked in the peel);||30 g of Cherems;||3 cucumber;|
|5 tablespoons sour cream;||2 tbsp. mayonnaise;||½ CHL mustard;|
|3 tbsp. l. apple vinegar;||salt||Pepper (freshly grind).|
|How to cook:||Clean warm potatoes, cut into slices and fold into the bowl. Pour the vinegar.||Fresh finely chopped leaves are ideal in salads and vigrets.|
|Rinse the leaves of the abrade with cold water, shake and grind.||salt||Cut the roots with thin stripes.|
|Mix sour cream, mayonnaise and mustard and season salt and pepper.||Now add the remaining ingredients and gently mix.||Tip: Change this recipe for a salad with a bias, using radishes instead of cucumbers, sliced by stripes.|
|How to cook patties with a cerema, green onion and egg||Cheremoshi soup - recipe||-|
The benefits and harm of the abrade
You will need:
6 pcs. Cherems;
3 large potatoes sliced by cubes;
- 1 sliced bulb;
- 1 tbsp. l. olive oil;
- 1 tbsp. l. butter;
- 1.5 liters of water or broth;
- Black pepper and salt.
- Separate the leaves of the abraise and set aside. Large the remaining stalks.
- Prepare onion and potatoes in a frying pan on olive and butter for 15 minutes.
- Place them in a saucepan with boiling water or broth and add the stems of the abraise, boil for 15 minutes until the potatoes become soft.
- Cut the leaves of the abrade and throw in the soup (leave some greenery to decorate the finished dishes). Sung and pepper. Prepare 2 minutes, remove from the fire and grind in the kitchen process.
- Decorate fresh greens before serving on the table.
- How to replace the abrahe in the recipe
If you need to replace in the recipe in the ability, you can take an alternative as an alternative to the same number of onions, or even a green bow, adding a little garlic.
Fresh Cheremoshi greens - an excellent source of vital substances. It contains many vitamins and minerals that are necessary for a healthy body.
FOOD VALUE OF FRESH CHERSINUM (Allium Ursinum) for 100 g
- Percentage of daily rate,%
- Energy value (calorie)
- 34 kcal
- 6.5 g
- 2.4 g
Food fiber (fiber)
- 1 g
- 40 μg
- 130 μg
- 200 μg