The skin prone to dryness brings many problems with its owner. The difficulty is also in the fact that it does not work quickly with dryness, systematic and proper care is required. How to make a makeup face with dry skin with peelings? What cosmetic products to use?
Skin peeling - care and not disguise
It is true that the makeup is not difficult, but the problem with the skin is wrong to "lure" with a tonal cream. It is necessary to deal with the care of the face: if the peeling of the skin is a cosmetic problem, that is, caused by improper care or in the absence of care, then you should start correctly care for the skin.
In the morning it is better to wash soft milk or foam. Gels for washes dry skin, it is better to refuse them. The skin can peel in certain periods, for example, in the offseason, or after resting in the sun edges. At this time you can refuse to wash with water at all.
It is important to purify the epidermis from the peeling particles, but it is impossible to do this scrub: use fruit, enzyme peelings, as well as rods.
Enhanced moisturizing - serum, creams, masks - the need for skin with peeling. We also look for cosmetic products with the "Regeneration" or "Recovery" mark.
Skin Preparation for Makeup
Dry skin is prone to inflammation and irritation, so rub it with a scrub - not the best idea. Thin skin will be injured, and it will inevitably have complications in the form of redness, burning, itching. The exfoliation should not subject to skin with stress, but the face must be cleaned of peeling - that is, dead cells. Easy peeling will help align the skin and make it smooth, then the tonal bases will fall better.
The next stage is the most important, as it is a direct path to the fight against peeling, a feeling of depth, dryness as a whole. Active nutrition and moisturizing improves skin health, and it is important to take care of even the evening. In the morning make makeup, while again moisturizing the skin, it will be easier because the face will be fresh.
In the period when the skin is peeling, the makeup of the face is desirable to start with a mask, and even in the morning. Express option - moisturizing fabric masks that do not need to be mixed or rubbed along the face: it is enough to impose a napkin with a moisturizing composition for several minutes.
Moisturizing makeup bases - your salvation when it is necessary to align the skin surface. For example, it may be the basics of fluids - weightless veils with a small amount of pigments that align and mitigating the epidermis.
Solid bases, as well as the primers with the effect of radiance are undesirable - they can emphasize the peeling. If the peelings are significant, then you can use the primers with silicones, but it is not necessary to abuse them.
Tone Basics for Makeup Face
To the selection of a tonal cream should be approached with attention. For dry skin, the taboo matte tone bases and too dense products - such means will only emphasize imperfections. Choose the basics with a moisturizing effect. For example, in their composition there may be milk proteins, vitamins A and E, hyaluronic acid.
One of the techniques of professional makeup artists is mixing a tonal cream with a fluid or light cream on a water basis: any tone base will be more comfortable to be felt on the face.
Mix the tonal bases with basic oils undesirable - oils can score pores, and along with the base it turns out too "heavy" for dry skin consistency.
In Asian marks, you can find oil-free tonal fluids, which are more than 50% consisting of water. They are easily applied to the skin, they are well chosen, do not create a mask effect.
An alternative to tonal creams - cushions that are suitable for those who love the wet finish. The advantage of Couch is that it is easier than the tonal foundations, but at the same time well levels the skin tone. Thanks to the wet finish, after this product, you can not use highlights. The cushions usually do not emphasize the peeling, but in any case it is better to pre-"refuel" the skin by primer.
Another option for problem skin with peeling - anti-aging tonal creams, which include anti-age serum. Such a product will be good to cope with moisture and masking of peeling. So, look for products with the mark Skin Serum Foundation - it is simultaneously serum, and a liquid tonal agent.
The beauty of the face makeup depends not only on the selected decorative cosmetics, but also from what tools you used. Wet sponge or beauty blender - your friend and helper. It evenly distributes textures on the face relief and does not emphasize imperfections. The brush is scores for particles of skin cream, why the problem areas are emphasized. Apply the composition by knocking movements.
The crumbly blush can dry the skin, as well as draw attention to the problem areas, especially since the peeling on the cheeks is the strongest. The creamy texture of Rumba will allow them to distribute them evenly, create a beautiful light blush and not aggravate the problem. Liquid blush is also desirable to apply a wet beauty blender.
Dry peeling lips with cracks deliver a lot of trouble. But today the means of care that will allow them to put them in order for several days. Ordinary hygiene lipsticks are unlikely to cope with peelings. Choose restoring lip balms with lanolin, vitamin E, aloe extract, glycerin, butter of Shea, beeswax. The most popular and effective lips care balms are presented today at Hurraw, Bodyshop, Payot, Eos, Carmex, Vichy.
Matte and resistant lipsticks, lip varnish, pigments - not the best choice for makeup faces for problem lips, as they themselves can dry. Choose moisturizing lipstick or lipstick-balm.
In general in makeup with dry and peeling skin, it is better to avoid any matte textures: more moisturizing, wet finish, water-based cosmetics or gel products are more preferable.
Our skin protects the body from many harmful factors, it takes on impact impact and temperature drops. This impact adopted on it: the skin begins to peel. And now we have to protect our skin, but how? To answer this question, you need to deal with the causes of the problem.
Causes of peeling - external factors and improper care
So, what are the reasons for the peeling of the skin on the face? There are three types of skin: fat, normal, dry. Holders of dry skin suffer from peeling more often. This is natural. However, if over time the situation is exacerbated, you should pay attention to the following factors.
One of them is the lack of moisture in the body. Wind, frosts, sewing sun, dry air in rooms in the heating period - all sees it with the skin, forcing it to peel. Therefore, it is necessary to in every way to avoid similar environmental impacts and strengthen skin care.
Caring for the face, it is important to remember that excessive frequent washing (especially hot water), as well as the use of soaps can negatively affect the skin, cause dryness and irritation.
If you have achieved your own care, you do not despair! Replace the usual soap to the moisturizer for the skin and use the nutritional cream. It will help the skin of the face to recover.
If you have achieved your own care, you do not despair! Replace the usual soap to the moisturizer for the skin and use the nutritional cream. It will help the skin of the face to recover.
Also refrain from rubbing the skin after washing. It can damage it. Better gently blot face with a soft towel.
Lack of vitamins
The absence in the body of vitamins or their deficiency also leads to the peeling of the skin. What should be done in such a situation? It is necessary to help the body to accumulate nutrients. To do this, include in the diet more fruit (especially in the period of autumn-spring avitaminosis).
Often, the peeling of the skin of the face arises as a result of an allergic reaction to a lanolinic acid contained in facilities. Flowering plants, allergenic products, drugs can also cause skin reaction.
If the problem is to wash the facility, you should seek advice from a professional. In the case of an incessant itch, do not tighten the visit to the doctor. Since this phenomenon may not be simple irritation, but a symptom of infectious skin disease.
As we have noted, the main problem of the skin is the lack of moisture. How to solve it? It is necessary to stop using soap while washing. It is recommended to replace it with soft, cleansing, not alcohol-containing means, such as:
Treatment with hydrocortisone cream
What to do when peeling the skin of the face? With treatment perfectly copes hydrocortisone cream. Problem areas need to be lubricated once a day for two weeks. Upon expiration of this time, the use of cream should be stopped because it is not a cosmetic agent, but a drug.
Means with decxapanthenol
What to do if the peeling of the skin has reached the stage when moisturizing funds are no longer able to cope with the problem? In such cases, it is necessary to refer to drugs containing dexapanthenol. These drugs reanimate the skin, which itself is no longer able to restore and defend, launch its regenerative processes.
An effective means of protection against peeling of the skin of the face is Panthenol preparation. Especially convenient to use due to the form of the spray. This drug is sprayed on the problematic skin of the face, after a few minutes the remnants of the drug must be removed by a cotton disk. It is possible to apply the drug to four times a day. The use of Panthenol stops the inflammatory process, removes skin irritation, eliminates peeling. The drug softens and restores the problematic skin of the face.
Personal care tips to avoid skin peeling problems
The skin of the face requires a very careful and gentle relationship. In no case can no face the face during washing and after it. It is necessary to avoid mechanical damage to the skin of the face. Mandatory prevention of dermatological diseases, as well as skin allergies. In periods of reinforced sweating, when the body loses a lot of moisture, a lot of fluid should be consumed, a water reserve.
If you have noticed signs of peeling skin, you should not panic. First of all, try to establish the cause of this problem and eliminate it. Next, be sure to observe what causes a similar reaction of the body.
Dry skin face
It is manifested by the feeling of the depth, on such an epidermis often irritation often appears, it begins to climb in small pieces. When xerosis requires special care, otherwise its condition deteriorates rapidly, it becomes dim, early wrinkles begin to appear.
The feeling of the depths may appear due to the violation of the work of the coarse, sweat glands, lipid and water exchange, low acidic alkaline balance.
A good appearance of the skin of the face depends on the degree of moisture. The lack of moisture in cells leads to a decrease in elasticity, elasticity, thinning, in addition, the sensitivity increases and wrinkles appear.
The level of moisturia is influenced by various factors: cold, wind, dry air indoors, sun, bad habits, poor-quality water, alcohol-based lotions, aggressive peeling, vitamins, etc.
For the level of moisturizing, the horny layer of the epidermis and the amount of skin saline is responsible. In the horny layer, there are supported (but active) cells of the outer layer of the epidermis and selection of the sebaceous glands (fat), which form a kind of barrier and hold moisture. But the horny layer is designed not only for saving moisture, it also serves as protection against external influence.
The violation of the horn layer leads to the rapid loss of moisture and makes the epidermis vulnerable to toxins, allergens, pathogenic microorganisms.
Causes of dry skin
Individual features, cosmetics, age-related changes can affect the work of the sebaceous glands. Over time, a hormonal background is changing in the body, which affects the production of skin salts, usually after 40 years of women begins to disturb the excess xerosis of the mucous membranes.
The health of the epidermis depends largely on the amount of liquid feedable - on the day it is recommended to drink 2 liters of water. With dehydration of the body not only appears dry skin of the face, but also delayed the disintegration products in the body, which also negatively affects the state of the epidermis.
With xerosa, wrinkles begin to appear prematurely, and decisions appear. The first minor wrinkles, if during the non-eliminating the problem, quickly develop in deep, from which it is almost impossible to get rid of.
Another reason for inclusiveness and unpleasant sensations are external adverse factors (cold wind, ultraviolet, sharp temperature differences, etc.), improper nutrition, lack of vitamins and trace elements, diseases of the nervous system, work in adverse conditions (hot workshop, on the street, etc. ).
Under certain conditions, a number of changes begins to start in the epidermis, with a decrease in the protective functions, there is a rapid loss of moisture, which leads to a violation of blood circulation in tissues, collagen fibers, reduced elasticity.
Another cause of dryness can be incorrectly selected cosmetic or caring tools or procedures. With weak work of the sebaceous glands, soap cannot be washed, use alcohol-based lotions, peelings, scrubs, tightening masks.
With the feeling of the piling, it is recommended to make enzyme peeling, which not only as gently exfoliates dead cells, but also moisturizes.
Dry skin needs nutritious and vitamin creams (preferably with collagen and elastin), tonic without an alcohol content, toning masks that not only contribute to the restoration of protective functions, but also effectively fill the lost moisture.
At xerosis, you should pay attention to the meal: refuse alcoholic beverages, consumption more products with vitamins A, E, C.
Dry skin and peeling
Peeling and dry skin of the face worries predominantly women, men are much less faced with this problem and is connected, it is primarily due to the fact that men have sebaceous glands on another principle.
The causes of peeling and xerosis can be external unfavorable conditions (cold weather, long stay in the sun, etc.), allergic reactions, reception of drugs, food poisoning, etc.
The main reason for which the upper layer of epidermis is extended and lost moisture by cells, dehydration is considered. First of all, when peeling appears, it is necessary to pay attention to face care products: use only special soft tools for washing, use moisturizing lotions (without alcohol), gels, etc.
If you prefer to wash with soap, then you should choose soap with a moisturizing cream or oil content, also after washing the face you need to get into the paper napkin slightly, rub the tonic and immediately apply a moisturizing cream.
When exhausting the upper layers of the epidermis, it is necessary to abandon the means with an alcohol basis or with Lanolin.
If the skin is peeling and pulled after washing, it is recommended to use oil to cleanse the skin. In this case, it helps to remove the dirt sesame oil.
With dry skin, prone to peeling is important to choose the cream for a certain time of the year (it is worth reminding that the cream must be applied to the face for half an hour before going out).
When choosing a cream, you need to give preference to those in which there are fat ingredients, they will create a protective film on the epidermis and prevent moisture loss.
Get rid of peeling and dryness will help a simple popular recipe: dissolve honey in a small amount of water, apply a thin layer on the face and slightly massage with circular motions (if necessary, your fingers can be watched in honeymand). Such a procedure will not only moisturizes, but also the departure of the dead layer of cells. After the massage, it's good to rinse the face and apply cream with a moisturizing effect.
Irritation, dryness and redness of the skin
The dry skin dryness, irritation and redness may appear for various reasons, ranging from cold wind and ending with allergic reactions.
Irritation and dryness often appear with improper care, too dry air indoors, as well as in stress or unbalanced nutrition.
In case of violation of digestion in the blood, disintegration products fall, toxins, which can affect the state of the epidermis, especially on the face.
In addition, the cause of irritation can be the excessive face care, for example, if you wipe the face with ice and in winter, red and irritation may appear on the skin.
With the appearance of redness, irritation should use special funds that calm down, moisturize and remove irritation.
Cleansing in this case is suitable only mild with special means (milk, foam), it is necessary to abandon alcohol lotions and tonic on time.
If irritation often appears in the epidermis, it is necessary to choose a protective cream, which is used before going outside.
If the cause of irritation is allergic, it is necessary to exclude contact with the allergen and consult with a specialist, which, if necessary, recommends antihistamines.
Dry skin and redness
Redness and dry skin of the face can be associated with different factors.
Quite often, dryness and redness appear as a result of external adverse factors, in this case the specially selected protective cream will help to get rid of the problem.
If redness has a permanent character, then in most cases the reason lies in the disease of the internal organs. Special attention requires a sharp redness of the person, without visible reasons.
In addition, the Reds and Cerozes may appear due to improper or excessive skin care.
The most common cause of changes in the color of the face is allergy. It can provoke it a variety of allergens - products, medicines, plants, dust, cosmetics.
To get rid of redness on the face, it follows, first of all, to establish the cause of such a reaction of the body. If redness appeared after entering the street into windy or frosty weather, it is necessary to use a special soothing and moisturizing cream, with allergic reactions you need to eliminate contact with an allergen.
It is also important to choose the "right" cosmetics to care for the face. Only those that correspond to your type of skin cover should be bought, besides, not to be carried away by applying several tools at once, as well as not to use scrubs or peelings more often than two times a week.
Strong dry skin
Strong dryness of the skin of the face, as mentioned, manifests itself with a depth, peeling. If you have to disturb the dryness of the face, then the first thing to do is to abandon the usual solid soap that contains the alkali. With strong xerosis, you need to use special moisturizers for washing (foam, milk, gels, etc.), wipe skin with lotion or tonic, and after cleaning, be sure to apply the cream for dry skin. If even after that, the xerosis does not pass, you can add a few drops of coconut or olive oil into a jar with cream.
Before bedtime, it is necessary to apply a vitamin moisturizing cream before bedtime, it is desirable with the effect of cell recovery.
With a very dry skin, it is impossible to use masks, which contains clay, peeling and means in which there is alcohol.
Dry skin in winter
During the cold weather, the blood circulation in the upper layers of the epidermis becomes worse, the metabolic processes slow down, the sebaceous glands produce fewer substances that hold moisture. In addition, the condition of the skin is strongly affected by dry air in the room, it becomes dry, pulled, peeling, redness.
Dry skin of the face in winter is a fairly common phenomenon and in this case special protective equipment will help and the correct care.
For dry skin, natural oils are ideal, which are well moisturized and improved the state of the epidermis. Oil can be applied in its pure form (a few drops of grinding in the palms and apply on wet skin) or add to your cream.
With dry skin, it is contraindicated to use alkaline means for washing, especially in winter. It is best to choose a special tool (gel, foam or liquid soap), which contains a moisturizing complex.
It is worth recalling that even in winter it is necessary to drink at least two liters of pure water (in addition to coffee, tea, etc.), especially if there is a tendency to xerosis and peeling.
Itching and dry skin
Itching and dry skin of the face may appear after washing or applying cosmetics, while it often appears redness, sensation of struts, burning. In this case, most likely, the skin care products are incorrectly selected, cosmetics turned out to be poorly or ended with its shelf life and it is worth stopping it.
Itching can also be connected with allergies, in this case, in addition to dryness and itching it is worried about tearing, redness of the eyes, redness, choking, swelling. When the symptoms of allergy enhance the contact with the allergen and consult with the doctor.
In some cases, itching and depths are a sign of a dermatological disease (seborrhea, eczema, fungal or viral lesions, etc.), hormonal disorders (when the thyroid function is violated, diabetes me, etc.), improper liver or kidney work, which leads To accumulate in the body of decay products.
Dry skin of the eyelid
Sun, cold air, poor ecology and other unfavorable conditions can cause not only the xeros of the face of the face, but also a century. The gentle skin of the eyelid is extremely susceptible not only to external, but also internal factors, such as constant stress, lack of sleep, bad habits, etc.
Incorrect care, poor-quality cosmetics also worsen the state of the eyelids and in some cases lead to irreversible consequences.
If the skin is dry, even with proper care, most likely, the reason lies in inflammatory diseases of the epidermis, eye infections, improper work of the sebaceous glands near the eyes, allergic reactions.
Special care will help to get rid of shy and dry skin around the eye - the use of soft cleansing agents, moisturizing cream, masks, etc.
Recently, facial and body care products prepared from natural ingredients at home are becoming increasingly popular.
A good moisturizing effect is a mask of fermented eggs and vegetable oil (preferably olive). One yolk will need a few drops of oil, mix well mix and put on dry pure eyelids for 10-15 minutes. Then remove the residues with a cotton disk, moistened in warm water, after the procedure you can apply a moisturizing cream for the eyelids.
Cosmetologists are recommended when the eyelids are a simple, but a very effective way that will help not only moisten the epidermis, but also to make irritation, inflammation or itching: a small tight leaf of aloe be cleaned from the peel, to stretch and apply the resulting cleaner, after 10-15 minutes, remove Remains with a wet cloth.
At skin and inflammatory diseases, a specialist consultation will be required and special treatment.
Dry skin lip.
With excessive dryness of the lips, cracks often appear. The causes of such a state may be different, from decorative cosmetics containing a large number of aggressive substances that corrode delicate lip skin to health problems.
The skin of the lips may indicate the general state of health, often with a lack of vitamins of group B, with or re-puberate vitamin A in the body, it becomes dry, cracks (in this case, problems with hair and nails also appear).
Dry and cracks on the lips appear in the improper operation of the digestive organs, viral or infectious diseases, allergic reactions (for example, to the toothpaste).
Smoking, cold wind, ultraviolet, habit of nailing nails or various items (pen, pencil) are also negatively reflected in the state of the epidermis of the eyelids, in addition, cause severe cavinery of the face.
It is possible to help the skin on the lips using special means (moisturizing lipstick, cream, etc.) or people. For moisturizing, nutritional medicine recommends using honey that you just need to put on lips for 15-20 minutes.
Dry skin nose
Dry skin on the nose appears with improper face care, disadvantage of moisturizing, allergic rope, lack of vitamins, inflammatory diseases of the nasal mucosa, etc.
Some experts believe that the dry skin of the face as a whole or nose, cheeks, the forehead can appear because of the incorrect selection of cleansing agents. Many often make a mistake and use antibacterial or deodorizing soaps for washing, which are too dried by epidermis. Dermatologists recommend choosing soap with high fat (with olive, sea buckthorn oil).
The dryness of the nose wings may appear on the background of a runny nose, with a piece of rope with a napkin, usually, after the runny nose passes, the xerosis and peeling disappears.
With a lack of vitamins, especially early in spring, dryness can affect not only the nose, but also face, hands, etc.
With dryness and peeling, it is impossible to skip the dry layer of the skin, as you can damage the lower layers of the epidermis. To eliminate the xerosis, special moisturizing agents should be applied to the affected areas, preferably at a fat basis.
With strong xerosis, when the cream does not help, you should consult with a dermatologist, it may be necessary for drug treatment (ointment, vitamin complexes that restore masks, etc.).
Treatment of dry skin
Cosmetologists consider the dry skin to face a serious problem. Violation of the sebaceous glands, the inability of cells to retain moisture are severe disorders that require treatment. Experts believe that dry skin requires moisturizing with professional funds, and home remedies can be used as auxiliary treatment.
Today, dry skin uses a wide variety of cosmetic procedures, among which you can allocate:
- Hot compress
- Salt cleaning
- Masks with collagen
- Cosmetic massage
- Biorevitalization (the introduction of hyaluronic acid).
While visiting a cosmetologist, a specialist selects procedures and means for treating dry skin individually.
The xerosis of the face today refers to the most popular cosmetic procedures.
Facilities from dry skin
The dry skin of the face requires moisture, which can provide various serums, gels, cream with moisturizing effect. Among the modern developments are very popular with hyaluronic acid, which intensively moisturizes the epidermis.
Also good moisturizing properties have funds with phospholipids, ceramids, fatty acids.
Mask from dry skin
Dry skin of the face can be eliminated by home.
It softens well and saturates the moisture compress with milk, this procedure will allow you to remove the burned layer, and the lactic acid will help the cells to keep moisture.
For the compress, you need a napkin moistened in cold milk to the face for five minutes. Replace milk can be kefir, serum.
Well helps with xerose bee wax. For the preparation of a moisturizing mixture, wax will be required (1C.L.), Lanolin (2st.l.), olive oil (1 tbsp.), Syo Aloe (1 tsp).
All components mix well and wipe the problem areas of the face several times a day, with the appearance of unpleasant sensations.
With very dry skin, it is recommended to use oat mask: flakes (1 tbsp.) Pour hot milk (4st. L.), Let you swell for 10 minutes. The resulting mixture is warm on the face and leave for 15 minutes, wash off with warm water.
Cream of dry skin
As already mentioned, dry skin dryness occurs for various reasons, but this state of the epidermis requires special care. In particular, the regular use of moisturizing creams.
As part of an effective moisturizing cream should be vitamins A, E, C and vitamins of groups B, which are extremely important for the health of the skin. Also as part of the cream should be present humidifiers, natural oils (jojoba, avocado, olive) and components to protect against ultraviolet rays.
A good moisturizing effect is the cream with the addition of maracuy extract, stormy algae, macadamia, palm wax, honey.
Vitamins from dry skin
Facial skin dryness is a fairly unpleasant condition that requires an integrated approach to treatment. In addition to using moisturizing funds, you should adjust your meals and add products rich in vitamins A, E, B, C.
Vitamins of group B and A are important for the health of the epidermis, they help the cells to keep moisture, have an antioxidant effect, contribute to cell renewal. Often, xerosis appears precisely because of the shortage in the body of these vitamins, which can be found in carrots, pumpkins, milk, apricots, egg yolks, cheese, fish, fresh fruit, beer yeast, meat.
Vitamin C helps fabrics to form, contributes to the update, enhances the production of collagen, improves blood circulation. Vitamin C is contained in citrus, tomatoes, rosehip.
Vitamin E has an antioxidant effect, protects the epidermis from the harmful effects and free radicals.
These vitamin is present in the beans, nuts, green leaf vegetables, wheat germs oil.
Superity of the skin of the face causes a feeling of tightness, leads to the appearance of peeling, in addition, such an epidermis earlier loses elasticity, elasticity is susceptible to the formation of premature wrinkles. Dry skin is needed constant moisturizing, otherwise irreversible processes (deep wrinkles) may occur. In addition to using special treatments for dry skin, it is important to add products rich in vitamins to your daily menu, especially A, E, C, V.
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Excessive education and separation of deadly particles of the upper layer of the skin in most cases is due to the dryness of the epidermis. This is usually a consequence of any malfunction in the body and can be accompanied by different concomitant symptoms, for example, itching, red spots on the body, the appearance of cracks, wound, acne and inflammation on the skin. The cause of peeling most often lies in the following:
- Wrong skin care. Excessive passion for scrubs or peels, the use of unsuitable cosmetics, including alcohol-based, incorrectly performed procedures for the skin, refusal of moisturizing creams or lotions - all this can provoke peeling and redness of the top layer of the skin. Such reasons usually lead to dryness and the appearance of the feeling of the skin of the skin, because it is most of all subject to the negative impact of different cosmetics. By the way, late removal of it can also cause impairment of the humidifier of the epidermis.
- Allergy. Skin peeling can be a consequence of the body's response on any drugs, especially antibiotics, cosmetics and procedures, food. Recognizing symptoms may be itching, intense tears, redness of the skin. In this case, it is important to correctly define an allergen, if possible, refuse it and / or take an antihistamine drug.
- Avitinosis is another common cause of the epidermis separation, which is most often manifested in the winter and spring periods. The lack of vitamins, trace elements and other nutrients affects the overall condition of the body, including the skin. The latter is most often due to the need for vitamins A, E and B2.
- The effect of climatic factor. Impact on the skin of ultraviolet, strong wind in combination with frosty air, sea salt, dry polluted air, overly rigid and dirty water - all this can lead to dryness and peeling of the skin.
- The hereditary factor is also impossible. It happens that the abundant discharge of the particles of dead epidermis is associated with the genetically type of leather, prone to dryness and peeling. In this case, any deviation from the necessary body care can quickly provoke this cosmetic problem.
- Dermatological diseases also often provoke skin peeling. A similar symptom, for example, is characteristic of such hereditary pathology, like ichthyosis, or colorers, psoriasis, eczema, various types of dermatitis, fungal infections. With such diseases, the skin flakes, cracks and inspired not only on the face, but also on the palms, feet, back. Often the problem areas are also elbows and knees.
In the case when the peeling of the skin is caused by external influence, the correct care for the injured epidermis will help to cope with the problem. It does not hurt, with more serious internal disorders, but already together with the prescribed physician treatment. Also concern for the skin will be an excellent preventive agent. The following procedures will help to restore the smoothness of the skin:
- Refusal of alcohol-containing cosmetics, which, may, clean and disinfect the epidermis, but also quite dry it, which easily provokes peeling;
- replacement of alkaline soap with special means based on natural cleansing and necessarily moisturizing components, provided that they do not contain individual allergens;
- Collecting excess moisture after washing the soft napkin instead of a towel, to even more damage the skin;
- Use the moisturizing means selected by the cosmetologist each time after the shower or face wash;
- Skin protection from tanning with special means;
- Moisturizing air in the warm room with the help of special devices or a conventional wet towel laid on the battery.
In many cases, the occurrence of peeling of the skin is directly or indirectly due to disruption in the body of the nutrient balance, vitamins and minerals. Thus, the active branch of the erosion epidermis can be provoked by a disadvantage of protein or useful unsaturated fats, retinol, vitamins E and PP. That is why it is important to analyze your food and make it complete: to include in the diet as much fatal fish, avocado, nuts and greens, use natural vegetable oils, bran, apples. Fill vitamin A helps carrots, beef liver or cottage cheese.
Simple water has a straight effect on skin moisturizing. The lack of her in the body gradually changes the condition of the epidermis, leads to the appearance of dryness and peeling. That is why as an additional means of dealing with these ailments can be daily consumption from 1.5 to 2 liters of purified water. This quantity should be divided all day for the liquid as much as possible by the body, and not just shown by the kidneys after one-time reception.
With the peeling of a person caused by insufficient care for him, it is worth contacting a beautician who will advise suitable tools and procedures. Depending on the degree of problem and type of skin, it can be carried out:
- Different types of peeling, perfectly delivering from the particles of dead epidermis on the face;
- Mesterapia - the procedure for administering under the skin of hyaluronic acid, vitamins, trace elements, amino acids and other means to stimulate cell renewal and saturation by their useful substances;
- various intensive humidification programs;
- Face massage with moisturizers and nutrients to improve the impact of natural blood microcirculation and, as a result, skin supply with nutrients from the inside.
At home, it is also possible to handle the peel if it is caused by a disadvantage of skin care. To do this, you can use masks based on natural moisturizing components: vegetable oils, dairy products, honey, flax grains and others. Before applying a mask, it is recommended to make a light peeling scrub to remove part of the dead-defined epidermis particles. Prepare it easily independently, mixing natural coffee medium grinding with honey or olive oil.
Preheat to a body temperature 100 ml of any olive or linen oil, add 6 drops of liquid vitamins A and E 6 drops, which can be purchased in a pharmacy. Moisten a cotton sponge in the solution and wipe them the flakes of the skin, pay special attention to the forehead, chin, nose, zone around the lips. Repeat the procedure several times every 5 minutes. Leave the mask on your face, avoiding the area around the eyes, or on the body for half an hour, and then rinse with warm water and remove the excess moisture and oils, glowing the skin with a soft napkin.
Connect 1 h. Spoons of olive oil, natural honey and casher from aloe, mix thoroughly and distribute the resulting mixture on the face, leaving at least 15 minutes. Then rush warm water. The same mask can also be used to eliminate peeling on the fingers, foot, other parts of the body, only ingredients must be mixed up to more in the same proportion.
Using masks from natural ingredients, it is important to pre-make sure that there is no allergies for any of them.
Homework, sour cream or fat kefir warm up to room temperature and mix with chopped in a blender with oatmeal in proportion 1: 1. Add a few drops of linseed oil and leave for 10 minutes. Then apply the resulting cleaner on the skin, leaving half an hour.
To use a milky-egg mask, which will perfectly soften and moisturize the skin, connect to a homogeneous consistency of 1 raw egg and a couple of spoons of natural fatty yogurt or sources. Apply to the skin in several techniques and leave for 20 minutes, washed with warm water.
Flax seed is a real nutrient storehouse and a great natural humidifier. Such an ingredient is indispensable for problems with the epidermis associated with its dryness and peeling. To create a mask, it is necessary to pour 1 hour seed with 100 ml of boiling water, thoroughly stirring, and leave for several hours. The resulting viscous fluid then need to be applied to the skin with a cotton disk in 4-5 receptions, giving the previous layer a little bit dry, and leave for 20 minutes.
If ordinary creams and natural moisturizers do not help, cope with peeling on face, hands, elbows and other parts can drugs based on dexapanthenol. These include "bipantine", "panthenol" and others that have a moisturizing and healing effect. Especially disengaged such means when peeling caused by excessive stay in the sun, strong cold wind.
Before applying any therapeutic agent, it is still necessary to consult with a dermatologist, since the methods of eliminating peeling depend solely on the cause of its occurrence.
Therapeutic preparation "Radaev" is effective, which perfectly softens, moisturizes and has anti-inflammatory properties due to the high content of vitamins A and E.Peeling skin
- One of the most reliable signs of her defeat. It occurs at the moment when the course of natural epidermis update processes are disturbed in the skin (Surface leather layer
). The skin on the face can peel in a variety of diseases (Allergies, fungal infections of the skin, psoriasis, ichthyosis, avitaminosis, etc.
). Very often, this symptom occurs with long-term exposure to the skin of various adverse environmental factors (For example, cold wind, ionizing radiation, rigid water, drug, cosmetics, etc.
). Peeling on the face can be observed both on the background of dry and on the background of oily skin.
Quite often simultaneously with peeling on the skin, redness appears,itch
, burning, small swelling and soreness.
The structure of the skin face
The skin of the face consists of several layers. The scene of them is the epidermis, which is a thick layer of flat, gradually oroging cells. The combination of these cells is called a multi-layer flat ornamental epithelium. The epidermis on the skin of the face is a bit thinner than at all other parts of the body. This surface layer of the skin is formed by four closely in contact with each other (layers
) cells. At the very basis of the epidermis there is a so-called basal layer (First layer of epidermis
), which separates it from the next layer of skin (Derma
). The basal layer lies on a connective tissue plate and contains stem cells of the epidermis and young epidermal cells (Keratinocytes
). In this layer, in addition, melanocytes can be detected (Pigmented cells
), Langerhans cells (We are in immune reactions and regulate the reproduction of epidermis cells
) and Taurus Merkel (They perform the role of tactile receptors in the skin.
). During the basal layer, the entire epidermis is constantly updated.
A bit above the basal layer is a hipped layer (second layer of epidermis
), which consists of already matured epidermal cells (Keratinocyte
) entering here from Nizhny (Basal
) Layer of epidermis. Keratinocytes here have a polygonal (polygonal
) Form and tightly interconnected with the help of special intercellular compounds - des #. In the thundered layer in keratinocytes, the synthesis processes of keratin begin to increase, which will further be necessary for the energization of more superficially located epidermis cells. In this layer also occur periodically cells of Langerhans.
Right over the prickly layer is a thin layer of 3-4 layers of cells, which is called the grainy layer of epidermis (Third layer of epidermis
). It contains oval keratinocytes, actively synthesizing various proteins (Keratin, Involution, Figigrine, Keratolinin, etc.
). FULGGRIN is necessary for gluing and stabilizing keratin aggregates (Keratin Tonophylamans
). Incolutionary and keratolinin vote in the formation of a protein layer, located under the plasma membrane of keratinocytes and necessary for their protection against hydrolyticEnzymes
released under the action of Langerhans cells. Here in the cytoplasm of keratinocytes contain a large number of keratogial granules, giving them a grainy form, as a result of which this reservoir cells of the epidermis and was called grainy.
The surface layer of the epidermis is a horny layer (Fourth layer of epidermis
). This layer consists of a large number of dead (Orogornova
) keratinocytes (Cornocyte
), devoid of cell core and organelle. Cornocytes are externally similar to flat, small, transparent or translucent scales. In the horn layer there are quite a lot of them. In it, they are located in the form of columns (speakers
) and interconnected due to the cementing intercellular substance richLipid
). The rootocytes themselves have a flat polygonal (polygonal
) Form and filled with a huge number of keratin fibrils (Thread
) immersed in amorphous matrix. The shell in cornocyte is rather dense and consists of clusters of protein - keratolinin.
Immediately under the epidermis of the skin of the face there is a dermal layer (dermis
). This layer is made to divide on the papilla and mesh. The supro-layer of the dermis is rich in loose connective tissue and contains a large number of nerve endings and vessels. It has a barride structure and a significant amount of package-shaped protrusions that are inclined throughout the skin in the epidermis. On the skin of the face, the puffy layer is poorly developed, it is very gentle and thin. A slight below it is a mesh layer of dermis, which consists of a coarse, unformed connective tissue containing a large number of large collagen and elastic fibers. The dermis of the skin of the face contains much more elastic fibers than the skin of the rest of the body. In the derm layer of the skin there is a huge amount of sweat and sebaceous glands. Sweet glands are localized slightly deeper than the harsh, which are most commonly located in the border area between the papillary and mesh layers of the dermis, near the roots of the hair (Hair follicles
The lowest layer of the face of the face is a hypoderma consisting of subcutaneous fatty fiber. In the area of facial deposits are unevenly developed. Large flames of fatty fiber are usually localized in the field of lips, eyelids and cheeks. This layer is necessary to maintain skin elasticity, the correct face shape and ensuring the thermoregulatory function. An equally important feature of the skin of the face is the fact that the Mimic muscles of the face one of their ends are attached to her derma, so that it is capable of going to the folds.
Why does the skin peeling arise on the face?
Epidermis skin face (Like other parts of the body
) Constantly updated. The essence of this update is as follows. In the process of life, rejection is constantly observed (Decoration
) Horny layer of epidermis. This is due to the fact that Langerhans cells periodically release special lipolytic enzymes inside the epidermis (Enzymes that split fats
), which destroy the cementing intercellular substance (Which is saturated with lipid
), filling spaces between corneocytes (Dead keratinocytes of a horn layer
After desquamation (Return
) new cells in it come to it (Keratinocytes
) From the grain layer, which subsequently degrade rapidly and die, resulting in a new horny layer. The grainy layer of the epidermis is constantly updated due to the prickly and basal layers. Thus, the update of the epidermis is a closed cyclic process, in which the cells of lower layers of the epidermis replace the gradually reversing cells of its horn layer. Under normal conditions, the process of refreshing the skin is most often immeasured (or Malozameten
) Since in most such cases there is a rejection of the most surface scales from the horn layer of the epidermis, which have microscopic dimensions.
Under the influence of certain adverse factors of external (Adverse climatic conditions, allergic reactions, fungal infection, working with toxic chemicals, etc.
) and / or internal (For example, the lack of vitamins, mineral elements, liquids, genetic disorders, etc.
) Czech rejection processes (Cornocyte
) From the surface of the horn layer may noticeably increase. Moreover, quite often such processes are simultaneously accompanied by the strengthening of the education of new matures (keratosis
) or no excavated (Parararatosis
) Scheuch. Such a massive dug from the horn layer of the epidermis of its component elements (Scheek
) It is just that a phenomenon called the peeling of the skin. Skin peeling can be observed in hyperkeratosis (Horn dystrophy
) - a pathological state, in which in the scales of the horn layer of the epidermis, excessive number of horns accumulates (consists mainly of keratin
The main causes of dryness and peeling of the face
The dryness and peeling of the skin of the face is most often observed with a shortcoming in the body of vitamins (Avitaminosis
) and liquids (Dehydration
). This symptom is also often noted with a simple contactdermatitis
(Inflammation of the skin
), which arises as a result of the impact on the skin of the face of some adverse environmental factors. A little less than the cause of dryness and peeling of the face can be diathesis,mycosis
, ichthyosis, psoriasis. All these reasons can cause peeling on the skin of the face in men, women and children, since their skin facial cover has nothing among themselves any significant differences in an anatomical structure.The skin of the face most often can peel in the following cases:
- dehydration of the body;
- unfavorable external factors;
- seborrheic dermatitis;
Diathesis is called the genetic predisposition of a person to various diseases (Intestinal, respiratory infections, neurological pathologies, etc.
). At diathesis, there is a so-called exudative-catarry (Allergic
) The form in which children and adults often have a variety of allergic reactions, which are often accompanied by a peeling of the face. The most frequent of them are contact andAtopic dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis is one of the forms of allergies, in which a person has a local allergic reaction in a re-contact location between the skin andAllergen
. If you explain to simpler words, the contact dermatitis is an increased sensitivity of external covers (Skin, mucous membranes
) To certain substances. The appearance of contact dermatitis on the face is often associated with the use of certain cosmetics, medicinal masses, toothpastes, food, etc. Sometimes it can appear whenSome insect bite, spiders
. With an allergic contact dermatitis, the skin's skin immediately after re-interaction with the allergen becomes red, edema and itching. On its surfaces, various pathological elements can occur - bubbles, papules, serous crusts, peeling, mocking (Selection of transparent liquid epidermis
Atopic dermatitis, in contrast to the contact, is chronic recurrective (repeat
) Disease and occurs during the primary contact of the skin or mucous membranes with an allergen. This pathology usually appears in early childhood (15 years
). In some cases, it can occur in late mature age. Atopic dermatitis has a clear seasonal binding. He, as a rule, is observed in the spring and autumn-winter season, and in the summer of its manifestation felt completely. The patient's body with atopic dermatitis becomes sensitive to various allergens (Wool, dust, food, cosmetics, detergents, medicines, mold, tobacco smoke, etc.
), and, in most cases, polyallergia is noted (Increased sensitivity to several allergens
Very often atopic dermatitis is combined withBronchial asthma
(Seasonal, allergic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose and eye
) and allergicrhinitis
(Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose
). Leather of various parts of the body (Including faces
) in patients with atopic dermatitis dry, edema, hyperemic (Red
), peeling and strongly zudit (Cheshable
) that significant discomfort is delivered to the patient (especially at night
). In the skin with this pathology, various kinds of papula and vesicles may appear (Bubbles
Psoriasis is chronic noncommunicable pathology, which is accompanied by periodic appearance on the skin of red peeling spots (Papul
). The reason for the appearance of psoriasis is still not defined. However, it is known that immunopathological processes lie in the development of its occurrence, that is, the processes under which the immune system independently attacks the fabric structures of surface layers of the skin. Also in the development of this disease, the role of the genetic factor is proved. Psoriatic rashes (If we talk about a classic, ordinary psoriasis
) Most often localized on the skin of the back, the waist, the exclusive surfaces of the elbows, knees. Often, it is affected by the skin of the scalp, and it is often a psoriatic rash goes beyond its limits and is placed on its periphery in the form of a peculiar crown (Psoriatic crown
). Therefore, often such a rash can be easily seen on the skin of the forehead, temples.
Skin face on the face in psoriasis is amazed very rarely, because of this, such localization is considered an atypical form of manifestation of this pathology. Most cases of such psoriasis are celebrated in children. Peeling of the skin in psoriasis is caused by inflammatory processes occurring in its surface layer - epidermis. Because of such processes in the skin, the excess form of keratinocytes is constantly observed (The main cells of the epidermis
), as a result, hyperkeratosis develops (Thickening of the horn layer of the epidermis
). Also, psoriasis in the epidermis there is a paracratosis - a pathological state in which keratinocytes lose the ability to synthesize keratin, as a result of which the processes of its energization are violated in the epidermis.The formation of scales forming the surface layer of the epidermis
Dehydration of the body
Water for the body serves as a natural biological solvent. Without it, it is impossible to flow the overwhelming majority of biochemical reactions (synthesis, oxidation, splitting, transport, etc.
) in various cells and tissues (including skin
). Depending on the variety of factors (age, physique, gender, etc.
) The content of the total amount of water in the body is an average of 50-80% of the entire mass of the body. Most of the fluid in an adult is inside the cells, the smaller part is located extracellularly and is part of the intercellular fluid (interstitial liquid, blood plasma, spinal fluid, etc.
). With violation of the way into the human body of water (Water fasting, violation of the passability of the esophagus, disorder of swallowing, comatose state
) or, on the contrary, when disorders of its proper elimination (vomiting, blood loss, diarrhea, burn, polyuria, increased sweating, etc.
) Dehydration occurs (dehydration
In those tissues in which a significant reduction in fluid is detected, all metabolic processes slow down, which leads to a violation of their anatomical structure and function. Cells of such fabrics begin to multiply incorrectly. Intercellular interactions are broken between them. In the presence of water deficit in the body, almost all tissues and organ systems suffer (Renal, cardiovascular, blood, pulmonary, nervous, etc.
). Therefore, with dehydration, various symptoms may occur (For example, dizziness, headache, hallucinations, pain in the heart area, lower back pain, decrease in blood pressure, fever, etc.
). Dry skin and peeling on the face (and other parts of the body
) are the most common features of dehydration.
Unfavorable external factors
Unfavorable external factors (For example, humidity, air temperature, ionizing radiation, cosmetics, drugs, etc.
) - One of the most frequent causes of peeling on the skin of the face. The fact is that these factors can have a direct annoying effect on it and provoke the development of the so-called simple contact dermatitis. Simple contact dermatitis - inflammation of the skin arising from the action on it bonded (unconditional
This type of dermatitis should be distinguished from allergic contact dermatitis, which appears as a result of skin contact with various allergens (conventional external factors
). Simple contact dermatitis occurs immediately after exposure to the skin of the stimulus, while allergic contact dermatitis develops only after repeated skin contact with the stimulus (Allergen
). Simple contact dermatitis is not allergic pathology and is found only if the skin (For example, faces
) Aggressive factor was affected (which man has no allergies
), ranked with a boned stimulus.
Simple contact dermatitis can occur anywhere - in everyday life, at work, outdoor. The mechanism of its appearance is associated with an excessive impact on the skin of any aggressive factor (For example, cold wind, long-term insolation, medicinal preparation, etc.
). With this impact, damage to the surface layers of the face of the face occurs, as a result of which it is inflated, blushes and peel. Simple contact dermatitis can be sharp or chronic. In the acute form of this pathology (which develops, for example, in burns, frostbite, electric shoes
) Skin peeling on the face is usually not observed. It is most often occurring in chronic contact dermatitis, which occurs due to periodic action on the skin of weak bondnuts.
Examples of obligate stimuli causing simple contact dermatitis on the skin of the face
|Type of irritant||Examples|
|Physical stimuli|| |
|Chemical stimuli|| |
|Biological stimuli|| |
Peeling of the skin of the face can occur with a shortcoming in the body of certain vitamins (A group of low molecular weight chemicals that play a key role in metabolism
). For example, such a peeling can be observed in a shortage of nicotinic acid (Vitamin PP or Niacin or Vitamin B3
), which is part of a variety of enzymes (Mainly dehydrogenase
) regulating in tissues (In particular, in the skin
) nitrogen, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism (metabolism
). Heavy Avitaminosis (failure
) Vitamin B3 is called Pellagra (from Ital. Pelle agra - rough leather
). With this pathology, the skin of the person becomes overly dry, sensitive (especially for sunshine and infection
), rigid and covered by cracks.
Peeling the skin of the face can often be marked with vitamin B6 deficiency. This vitamin, being an integral part of certain enzymes (Decarboxylase, Transaminaz
), participates in the exchange of amino acids. The lack of vitamin B6 leads to the appearance of dermatitis (Skin inflammation
) At various parts of the body, which serves the main cause of the development of peeling on the face. For the same reason, peeling and dry skin can also meet with a lack of a patient in the body of vitamin B7 (Biotin
). This vitamin plays a key role in the exchange of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and collagen synthesis. Peeling on the skin of the face in the area of the nasogubal triangle (Zone located between the upper lip and nostrils
), the wings of the nose and the eyelid serves as a characteristic sign of a shortage of vitamin B2 organism (Riboflavina
), which is an integral part (Cofacitor
) a variety of enzyme groups (Basically, oxidoreduktaz and dehydrogenase
) regulating various metabolic processes (oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, amino acid exchange, etc.
) In the tissues.
The peeling of the skin on the face can be a sign of insufficiency in a patient Vitamin A. This vitamin is involved in the formation of enzymes blocking the premature keratinization of the epidermis, so due to its lack of a patient in the skin, the processes of redundant erupters and lunch can begin, which will manifest dryness and peeling of the skin In various parts of the body. Lack of vitamin E (tocopherol
) Sometimes it can also lead to the appearance of peeling on the skin of the face. The fact is that this vitamin is a natural antioxidant. He inhibits (Blocks
) Reaction of free radical oxidation in skin cells (With these reactions in cells in the process of oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, toxic, free radicals of oxygen are formed
) and, thereby, contributes to the stabilization of their intracellular metabolism (metabolism
Avitaminosis of all of the above vitamins (B2, B3, B6, B7, A, E
) is usually noted whenAlcoholism
(as vitamins, mostly, should enter the body from the outside
), abuse variousdiet
(Vitamins B2, B3, B6 in sufficient quantities are synthesized by a normal intestinal microflora
), disease gasts (gastrointestinal tract
), the shortage of some trace elements (For example, zinc
). Lack of vitamin B7 (Biotin
) Frequent phenomenon when consuming a large amount of raw egg protein and sugar.
Mycosis is an infectious disease in which the body's tissues are amazed by various fungi. If skin infection occurs, then such a micaosis is called dermatomycosis. On the skin of the face, mostly two main types of dermatomycosis can appear - multicoloredlichen
and dermatophyte smooth skin. Multicolored (Redhead
) Lishe cause Malassezia genus fungi. These mushrooms are part of the normal microflora of the skin of the face and love to dwell near the rods of the sebaceous glands. Under the influence of certain factors (Reducing immunity, hormonal restructuring, increased sweating, use of some drugs, etc.
) they begin to multiply intensively, as a result of which the huge number of their metabolites begin to the surface of the skin (Exchange products
), who are a strong stimulus for her. Under the influence of these metabolites, skin cover is inflamed and begins to peel.
Dermatophytium arises as a result of infection of the skin of the face of fungi - dermatophytes belonging to the genus Trichophyton Rubrum, Microsporum Canis, Trichophyton Mentagrophytes. These fungi, attending the skin, begin to allocate special enzymes - keratinases that they need for growth and reproduction. Kratinases, falling on the epidermis of the skin of the face, begin to destroy keratin, elastin and collagen, as a result of which peeling arises on it. Dermatophytium, in contrast to multicolored losing, is a contagious mycosis (Gribkovaya
) infection. It can occur when contact with infected domestic or wild animals or human item. Also, the appearance of skin dermatophytium may contribute a variety of external (Ionizing radiation, work in a wet environment, animal husbandry, non-compliance with personal hygiene rules, etc.
) and internal (Immunodeficiency, hormonal imbalance, severe bacterial or viral infections, intake of glucocorticoids, antibiotics, genetic predisposition, etc.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a pathology that is accompanied by hypersecretion (Increased secretion
) Skin, development on this background of inflammatory processes on the skin of some areas of the human body and its peeling. Most often, Seborin dermatitis is affected by the skin of the scalp and face (In the area of eyebrows, eyelashes, nasolabial folds, mustache and beards
). With diffuse forms of seborrheic dermatitis, the skin can also be inflated in the region of the sternum, the incomplete zone, inguinal, axillary folds. The main reason for the appearance of seborrheic dermatitis is the excessive activation of the genus Malassezia genus (Furfur, Restricta, Globosa
) On the surface of the skin. Under normal conditions, these fungal microorganisms are part of the microflora of the skin. They live near the mouths of the sebaceous glands, opening on the surface of the epidermis, and feed on the skin.
When certain conducive circumstances arise (Excessive selection of sebum, stress, decreased immunity, hormonal disorders, viral and bacterial infections, excessive sweating, cold season, alcohol consumption, etc.
), these fungi begin to actively multiply and grow. Their growth is accompanied by the release of toxic exchange products, which damage the epidermis and cause inflammation in it, as a result of which its surface layers are exhausted. There is also evidence that in the development of this disease, hereditary factors play a certain role. For example, people having a third group of blood, seborrheic dermatitis occurs much more often than everyone else.
Ichthyosis is a hereditary skin disease, in which the processes of a normal oroging are violated in the surface layers of its epidermis, as a result of which it becomes overly dry and peeling. There are many forms of ichthyosis (Vulgar, X-clutch, epidermolitic, lamellar, etc.
), which differ from each other by clinical manifestations and the reason that causes them. The most frequent form of ichthyosis is considered vulgar (ordinary
) ichthyosis. The main cause of this ichthyosis is the mutation (defect
) In the gene encoding skin protein - FULIGRIN. Such a genetic defect leads to a violation of the stabilization and orientation of the structural components of another skin protein - keratin responsible for the processes of oroging in the epidermis.
The first symptoms of vulgar ichthyosis, in most cases, appear for 1 year of life. Much less often the disease occurs in 2 to 4 years. They hurt both boys and girls. The main activity of pathology is noted during puberty. In adult patients, this disease subsides a little and becomes not so pronounced. The main symptoms of vulgar ichthyosis are dry, peeling, skin roughness (In various parts of the body, including persons
) and follicular hyperkeratosis (The appearance of foci of increased peeling - hyperkeratose - on the skin
Diagnostics of the cause of skin peeling on the face
To diagnose the causes of skin peeling on the face, clinical and laboratory research methods are used. Clinical research methods (Study of symptoms, collection of anamnesis, external examination, dermatoscopy
) It produces a dermatologist at handling a patient. This research team is necessary for a doctor to assess the external manifestations of the disease and subjective sensations arising from a patient when peeling the skin of the face. In addition, these studies allow the doctor to choose further tactics in diagnostics (Assign certain laboratory research methods
) or immediately assign the required treatment (If pathology does not require laboratory confirmation
). Laboratory research methods are used in order to confirm or refute a specific disease. Most often, when peeling the skin of the face, the patient is prescribedgeneral blood analysis
, Immunological blood test, micrical research (Research on fungi
) Sleeping from the surface of the skin of the face and its histological examination.
Atopic dermatitis most often begins in childhood. It has a phase flow of flow (Exacerbations of the disease condense by normalization
), clear connection with the time of the year (As a rule, the disease manifests itself in spring and autumn-winter season
). In the family in relatives of such patients (For example, Mother, Father
) Almost always there are any allergic pathologies (Bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, etc.
). The patients themselves have increased sensitivity to various allergens (food, wool, dust, cosmetics, detergents, medicines, tobacco smoke, mold, etc.
). The exacerbation of atopic dermatitis often occurs under the action of certain provoking factors (stress, physical exertion, climate change, weather, respiratory infections, etc.
With atopic dermatitis, not only face skin can be amazed. This may be the neck, flexing or extensive surfaces of the limbs, torso, the scalp. The morphological features of atopic dermatitis in its exacerbation are very often different, that is, the damage to the skin with this pathology is of no denial character and is often different from its previous manifestations. However, in most cases, the skin of the face in patients with atopic dermatitis dry, swelling, hyperemic (Red
), peeling and itchy (Scratching
) that significant discomfort is delivered to the patient (especially at night
). Skin cover on the face with this disease may not always (that is, not with every exacerbation
) Retract into the pathological process. Often vesiculas appear on her surface (Bubbles
With an allergic contact dermatitis, the skin of the face can also be dry, swelling, hyperemic (Red
), peeling and itchy, as in atopic dermatitis. The fundamental difference between these two dermatitis is that contact dermatitis appears only in the place where there has been direct interaction between the skin and allergen (For example, when applying medicinal ointments or cosmetics on the skin of the face
). Allergic contact dermatitis disappears after a certain time after eliminating the allergen from the surface of the skin and never appears again, if a person is following that his skin has not registered with him again.
To confirm the presence of contact or atopic dermatitis in a patient, a general blood test, immunological examination of blood and skin scarification tests are prescribed. In general blood test with these diseases, an increase in content is detectedEosinophils
. Immunological examination of blood helps to identify an increase in the concentration of IGE immunoglobulins in it. Skin scarification samples with atopic dermatitis detect sensitization (Increased sensitivity
) skin to a wide range of tested allergens (Doodle, pollen, fungal, food, etc.
). Conducting such skin tests with contact dermatitis usually allows you to establish one allergen, which directly served as the cause of its development. Also, such patients prescribe feces for helminths, since parasitic invasion can in some cases cause allergic reactions.
The diagnosis of psoriasis is mainly raised on the basis of an assessment of the patient's complaints, some of the Anamnese data (the presence of a patient relatives with psoriasis
With psoriasis on the skin, red-pink, itchy, peeling spots appear (Papula
) various sizes and rounded shape. These spots most often arise in the area of the skin of the back, the waist, the excreasing surfaces of the elbows, knees, the scalp, forehead, temples, neck. In rare cases, when psoriasis, the skin of the face is involved in the pathological process. Psoriasis spots always tend to merge and unite into larger, focal, peeling formations are "paraffin lakes". Skin cover near such rashes is very sensitive. With the slightest injury, small hemorrhages arise. The spots themselves are often surrounded by a subtle, pale whisk.
Since psoriasis is a chronic disease, it is characterized by periods of exacerbations (Rezidivov
), which are replaced by remission periods (significant improvement in clinical course of the disease
). The aggravation of this pathology is usually observed in cases where the patient's body faces certain provoking factors (The use of excessive amounts of alcohol, physical injuries, infections, intercooling of the body, the use of some drugs, long staying in the sun, stressful situations, etc.
). In some cases, such patients produce biopsy (Take a piece of fabric for histological examination
) Skin to exclude other possible pathologies.
Dehydration of the body
Signs of dehydration of the body can serve not only dryness and peeling of the skin of the face. It is also characterized by the appearance of a patient thirst, irritability, dizziness, headaches,Weakness
, dry mouth, increaseTemperature
bodies, reduction of blood pressure, nonsense, hallucinations,nausea
, vomiting, heartbeat, etc. With this state, the human body decreases, the urine color changes, the daily diuresis decreases (Uremaid
), ariseCircles under the eyes
, apathy (Presence in patient expressed indifference
). If these symptoms are detected, the patient has a diagnosis of dehydration simple enough, especially if this is evidenced by certain anamnesis data (For example, the presence of a patient in the past vomiting, diarrhea, burns, bleeding, increased sweating, urinations, staying it in hot climatic conditions, insufficient use of water, towing diuretics, etc.
Unfavorable external factors
The diagnosis of simple contact dermatitis, which arises as a result of the impact on the skin of the person's adverse external factors, consists of an assessment of symptoms and accounting for anaman data. The peeling of the skin of the face under this pathology is usually found in its chronic form, which appears due to prolonged contact between the skin and any unconditional stimulus (For example, cold wind, long-term insolation, medicinal preparation, ionizing radiation, cosmetic means, etc.
). Often, such peeling is combined with dryness, insignificant redness of the skin, the appearance of a minor tooth, burning, soreness on it.
In the area of damage, maceration may also be celebrated (Wet skin softening
), cracks, unspeakable swelling and liquidation (Thickening skin
). Simple contact dermatitis appears precisely in places where the skin of the face is constantly in contact with the external stimulus and disappears after a while, if this annoying agent is removed. The degree of peeling of the skin on the face always depends on the type, duration and intensity of the impact of the irritant on it. It is worth noting that simple contact dermatitis is not accompanied by any allergic phenomena (For example, the appearance of urticaria, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, etc.
To form a diagnosis of avitaminosis, it is necessary to take into account all the symptoms that may appear in such cases in the patient, and not just the presence of peeling of the face. According to this symptom, it is almost impossible to establish the very fact of presence in a patient avitaminosis. When avitaminosis vitamin B2, as a rule, conjunctivitis appears (Inflammation of the mucous membrane
), dermatitis (Skin inflammation
) nasolabial zone (The area located between the upper lip and nostrils
), eyelids, wings of the nose, Angularstomatitis
(The emergence of ulcers in the corners of the mouth
), Haleit (The appearance of cracks on the lips
), Keratitis (Inflammation of corneal eyes
(Reducing the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells
), muscle weakness, turbidity lens, light-in-glossitis
(Inflammation of language
), burningPain in the lower limbs
The insufficiency of vitamin B3 is characterized by the appearance of dermatitis in a patient (Skin inflammation
), general weakness, malaise,Dementia
, hallucinations, nonsense,insomnia
, parares (incomplete paralysis
) and paralysis of the upper and lower extremities, ataxia (Discordination of movements
, Glossite (Inflammation of language
). With a shortage of vitamin B6 on the skin, seborrheic dermatitis often develops (fungal inflammation of the skin
), anemia (Reducing the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells
), there is a delay in the growth and development of the body, irritability, insomnia, the general weakness, inflammation of the mucous membranes (eye, oral cavity
When avitaminosis vitamin B7, drowsiness, ailments, muscle weakness, Malgy (muscle pain
, fast fatigue, disintegration,Appetitis
, blood pressure. The skin in such patients, as a rule, looks dry, pale, it often flakes. They often fall their hair, nails are amazed, the tongue becomes smooth and becomes a pale shade. With a lack of vitamin A, in addition to peeling, the skin of the face in the patient may have a chickenblindness
(Reducing night vision
), Keratitis (Inflammation of corneal eyes
), conjunctivitis (Inflammation of the mucous membrane
), often recurrentBronchitis
(Inflammation of bronchi
(Inflammation of urethra
(Inflammation of the intestinal mucosa
With vitamin E avitaminosis, fatty hepatosis may be observed (Pathology accompanied by excessive fat deposition in the liver
), hemolytic anemia (Reducing the number of erythrocytes due to their excessive destruction
), muscle weakness, spontaneous abortions in women, decreased sperm fertility in men, ataxia (Discordination of movements
), immunodeficiency (Reducing immunity
), dryness and peeling of the skin of various parts of the body, nail fragility, decreaseAcute view
et al. For the final diagnosis of any of the above vitaminosis, it is recommended to produce a biochemical study of blood to determine the concentration of vitamins.
With multi-colored (Freewoman
) Flashing spots appear on the skin of the face (The occurrence of one spot
). The color of these spots varies from light yellow to the brown shade. On white skin, these stains are always darker than the skin itself, and on tanned - they are always lighter. The stains can often merge with each other, forming extensive foci of lesion with festral edges. Peeling of the skin with multi-colored delica is gentle and always enhanced when started (Symptom of Beania.
). Skin itself on the background of peeling can have white, pink color. In very rare cases, it strongly blues and swells, which indicates intensification (Strengthening
) Inflammation at the site of infection. There should be no itching of the face, burning and pain on the skin of the face with a deceiveOf course, with the exception of those rare cases when skin cover at the site of infection is significantly inflamed.
To confirm the diagnosis of multicolored, linghing makes a sample of Balzer, refreshing the affected areas of the leather of the Wood lamp (In these areas, yellow or brown glow should occur
) and a microscopic study of the pathological material taken with the scraping (With contaminated skin
), to detect fungi (genus malassezia
). When performing sample Balzer, the skin of the face is lubricated with iodine, after which it is washed and evaluated by the degree of painting of peeling foci. With a deceased lisp, these foci should be painted darker than skin cover itself.
In dermatophytium on the skin of the face there are reddish, peeling, ring-shaped stains of various sizes, having a tendency to peripheral growth (that is, zoom in size
). These stains always have clear boundaries, the lastral edges. They are often surrounded by inflammatory roller. In the center of such stains can sometimes appear cracks, bubbles, spots, erosion, mocking (Separation of serous fluid from the epidermis
). In place of defeat on the skin of the face, the patient usually feels itching, burning and light pain. In order to confirm the presence of dermatophytium, it needs to be a micrical study of the pathological material taken from the surface of the spots. If the material results in pathogenic fungi belonging to the genus Trichophyton Rubrum, Microsporum Canis, Trichophyton Mentagrophytes, then the diagnosis of skin dermatophytium is made.
In seborrheic dermatitis, the patient appears peeling, itching, redness of the skin of the scalp, face and body. With this pathology, precisely those areas of the skin are affected by a large number of sebaceous glands and hair. On the face it is usually an area of eyelashes, eyebrows, nasolabial folds, mustache and beards. Basically, of course, Seborrheic dermatitis affects the head of the head, so in this pathology it is founddandruff
On the head. However, sometimes inflammatory processes can cross the border of the scalp and observed in the field of leather forehead, temples. There are also diffuses (Common
) The forms of seborrheic dermatitis, at which, along with the skin of the face and head, skin cover can be infected in the sternum region, the octopuspical, anogenital zone, inguinal and axillary folds.
Seborrheic dermatitis, as a rule, is developing under certain conditions and circumstances. Most often, it occurs in a patient who does not comply with the rules of personal hygiene that consumes large amounts of alcohol having reduced immunity, expressed sweating, hormonal disorders, various viral and bacterial infections. The emergence of seborrheic dermatitis can also contribute to pollution of the environment, errors in nutrition, stress, low standard of living, unfavorable household living conditions. To confirm the diagnosis of this disease, it is necessary to carry out dermatoscopy (Microscopic skin research using a special device - dermatoscope
), trichogram (Hair examination with a certain increase
), general blood analysis (to assess the general condition of the body
) and blood test for sex hormones (on estrogens and androgens
Ichthyosis is diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, anamnesis and results of histological research of the skin. The main clinical signs of ichthyosis are the presence of diffuse peeling of the skin, its dryness and follicular hyperkeratosis (The appearance of foci of increased peeling - hyperkeratose - on the skin
). With ichthyoma, the skin becomes coarse, rough and looks like a cushion fish. The similarity with fish scales is explained by a large peeling of the epidermis, in which large scales of various colors and shapes are cleaved from its surface. With vulgar ichthyosis (the most frequent form of ichthyosis
) The strongest peeling is observed in the area of the skin of the extensive surfaces of the upper and lower extremities (elbow and knee joints
), backs, loins. The face of the face is peeling during ichthyosis most often in early childhood and period of puberty. Skin on the extensive surfaces of the limbs (For example, an area of groin, armpits, elbow yams, etc.
) It is rarely involved in the pathological process. It should be noted that redness and swelling of the skin against the background of peeling in vulgar ichthyosis is quite rare.
Ichthyosis is sick from the earliest age (Starting from 1 - 4 years
). It can occur in both sexes with the same frequency. In children and adolescents, the symptoms of ichthyosis are usually always more pronounced than adults. With histological examination of the skin in patients with vulgar ichthyosis, it is possible to detect the revolutionary hyperkeratosis (Thickening of the horn layer of the epidermis with the delay of its separation from the surface of the skin
) With thinning or complete absence in the epidermis of the grain layer.
How to get rid of skin peeling on the face of a man?
The treatment of peeling of the skin on the face in men and women are practically no different. It includes various groups of drugs (Sometimes cosmetic
) Preparations. Selection of drugs is always carried out depending on the pathology, which caused peeling on the face, as well as from its gravity and prevalence. Most often, in the treatment of peeling of the skin on the face in men prescribe anti-inflammatory, keratolytic,Antifungal
Funds and variety of vitamins. Each group of drugs has its own specific effect and is necessary to eliminate specific pathological changes in the skin of the face.
In contact dermatitis, anti-inflammatory, antihistamines, antibacterial (In the case of an accession of secondary infection
) facilities. These drugs are prescribed mainly in masses and gels. Sometimes in contact dermatitis, sedatives are prescribed to calm the patient, as the skin itch causes its substantial discomfort. An important point in the treatment and prevention of contact dermatitis is the complete avoidance of the patient substances that cause the appearance of this disease.
In atopic dermatitis, the patient is prescribed immunosuppressants (Push the immune answer
), glucocorticoids (Remote anti-inflammatory effect
), antihistamines, sedatives,Plasmapheres
, hemosorption. The last two methods are needed to purify the blood from the toxic allergens for the body. Preparations with atopic dermatitis, unlike the contact, mainly administered orally (In the form of tablets
) and / or in injections, including intravenous.
Sometimes atopic dermatitis combines local and systemic methods for the use of certain drugs (that is, they are prescribed in the form of ointments, and in the form of tablets
), it all depends on the shape and severity of the disease. Locally, with this pathology, anti-inflammatory are usually prescribed (Topical glucocorticoids
), antihistamines and topical immunomodulators (Inhibitors Calcinerin
). All three groups of drugs are aimed at eliminating pathological allergic and inflammatory phenomena in the skin. During the period of acute inflammation and appearance on the skin of the mock (Sealy from the epidermis of serous fluid
) and the crust is recommended to use disinfectants (For example, Furacilin, Rivanol, and others.
) To prevent valuable processes in the skin.
Sick atopic dermatitis is recommended to change the climate to the warmer and soft. It is desirable that these were seaside and high-altitude geographic areas. Also, they are also appointed hypoallergenic diet, which eliminates the use of alcoholic beverages, seasonings, chocolate, coffee, citrus fruits, confectionery, cheeses, smoked nuts, nuts, honey, milk, etc. As in contact dermatitis, such patients are extremely important to avoid allergens (food, wool, dust, cosmetics, detergents, drugs, tobacco smoke, mold, etc.
), which were detected as a result of skin scarification tests.
In psoriasis, conservative treatment is carried out, which consists of a patient's appointment of various groups of drugs. First of all, such patients prescribe various anti-inflammatory funds, immunosuppressants and cytostatics. These drugs help reduce the intensity of inflammatory processes in the skin and reduce peeling. In the second place, with this pathology, other groups of drugs are prescribed, eliminating various types of additional disorders identified in the patient. For example, at psoriasis, microcirculation proofreaders are often prescribed (Improve blood supply
), antihistamine preparations (Reduce the hypersensitivity of the organism
), disinfectants (remove toxins from the body
(Protect liver cells from damage
) And others, unfortunately, none of the presented groups of drugs do not have the ability to stop all the disease, so the treatment of psoriasis is considered only symptomatic. It helps to translate psoriasis into remission (reduce or remove symptoms for a while
), the duration of which is always different and depends on the majority of various factors (For example, the severity of psoriasis, its shape, the patient's contact with certain provoking agents, etc.
Dehydration of the body
With a mild or moderate dehydration, oral administration is usually prescribed (Introduction through the mouth
) Raddation salts solutions (Hydrait, hydraulic forte, regider, tour
). These solutions contain water and some types of salts, due to which they can quickly normalize the water and electrolyte balance in the body. If dehydration is quite pronounced, the solutions of regdational salts are administered parenterally (through dropper
). In some cases, the patient may assign the introduction of such solutions using a nasogastric probe. No less important in the treatment of dehydration of the organism is the elimination of the very cause of dehydration, for example, treatmentIntestinal infections
, in which diarrhea and vomiting occurs, the abolition of medicinal diuretic means leading to increased removal of fluid from the body through the kidneys, prohibition of work in hot climatic conditions without relevant preventive measures, etc.
Unfavorable external factors
In order to get rid of contact dermatitis (which occurs when acting on the skin of adverse external factors
), you just need to eliminate the stimulus (For example, change cosmetics, drugs, use protective clothing when working with dyes, solvents, move to another climatic zone, etc.
). If the patient on the skin face there is a pronounced inflammation, then it is recommended to apply stamps with antiseptics to prevent suppuration. In the case of the addition of secondary infection (That is, skin suppuration
) You can use ointment with antibiotics. Preventive measures should be aimed at compliance with personal hygiene rules, the use of personal protective equipment, the use of various moisturizing, protecting, restoring face creams.
When avitaminosis is detected in the patient, vitamin drugs are prescribed. It should also be remembered that treatment with vitamin preparations can bring to positive results only during the passage of vitamin therapy, if not to get rid of the factor that contributed to the development of avitaminosis. Therefore, such patients are extremely important to eat fully, consulating less alcohol, not to abuse antibiotics, various diets. Also, no less important in such cases is tooling from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (If such a patient exists
) Since they will always contribute to the impaired absorption of vitamins from food, which the patient uses daily.
Produced rich in some vitamins
|Name Vitamin||What products contain this vitamin in large quantities?|
|Vitamin B2.||Vitamin B2 is present in significant quantities in the liver, mushrooms, almonds, eggs, beer and bakery yeast, milk, cottage cheese, cabbage.|
|Vitamin B3.||Vitamin B3 rich milk, meat ( Chicken, beef ), sunflower seeds, peanuts, cedar nuts, mushrooms ( Wood ), soy, peas, beans, buckwheat.|
|Vitamin B6.||Vitamin B6 in large quantities is contained in fish, eggs, meat, peas, beans, fresh green peppers, whole grains of cereal plants and their bran, walnuts, spinach.|
|Vitamin B7.||Many this vitamin can be found in the liver, egg yolk, wheat flour, rice bran, with, cauliflower, peanuts, walnuts.|
|Vitamin A||Vitamin A is contained in sufficient quantities in fish oil, calamity, liver, butter, milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, eggs. Provitamin and rich vegetable products ( Carrots, sweet pepper, pumpkin, parsley, green onions, peaches, apricots, apples, etc. ).|
|Vitamin E.||Vitamin E in significant quantities is present in vegetable oil, salad, cabbage, eggs, rosehip, nuts ( Peanut, Almond, Hazelnut, Walnuts ), sea buckthorn, fish.|
For the treatment of mycoses of the skin of the face (Multicolored deprivation, dermatophys
) various antimicotics are applied (Antifungal agents
, terbinafin, miconazole, clotrimazole, etc. Most often, they are used in the form of creams and ointments. If signs of expressed inflammation are noted in the area of the defeat, they are prescribed anti-inflammatory funds. When the suppuration of these places are prescribed antibacterial drugs and antiseptics. Since for mycoses is characterized by a high risk of recurrence (Repetitions of the disease
), Treatment of such pathologies is made throughout at least 2 - 4 weeks, therefore it is not necessary to stop using antimicotics prematurely, even if the peeling spots on the skin of the face disappeared. With extensive and atypical forms of mycoses (When, for example, not only the skin of the face is affected, but also other parts of the body
) Antifungal agents are often prescribed in the form of systemic drugs (Tablet
In seborrheic dermatitis prescribed antifungal (ketoconazole, fluconazole, miconazole, clotrimazole, voriconazole, zinc pyrithion, etc.
) and anti-inflammatory (Topical glucocorticoids
) Means, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B12, B9, A, E
) and angioprotectors (doxy-hem, xanthinol nicotine
). Antifungal agents are prescribed in order to reduce the number of unlocked fungi on the affected areas of the skin. It is from these drugs that the success of the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis will depend on. Anti-inflammatory tools are needed to remove inflammatory phenomena in the skin (Redness, peeling, swelling, itching
). Vitamins with this pathology are needed to accelerate the processes of healing damaged skin and increasing immunological resistance (Sustainability
) Organism. Angicoprotectors help restore microcirculation in problem areas of skin. In some cases (In the presence of itching and burning in the lesions
) In seborrine dermatitis, antihistamines are also prescribed.
With ichthyosis, significant doses of vitamin A or its analogues are prescribed (Acitretin, Isotretinoin, etc.
). For better assimilation of vitamin A, as a rule, vitamin E is prescribed in parallel with it. Also, in such cases, keratolytic and anti-inflammatory agents are prescribed. The first group of drugs (Keratolithic means
) is necessary to facilitate loss (Departments
) Flashing leather flakes. Examples of drugs included in this group areuric acid
, resorcin, lactic acid, boric vaseline, salicylic acid. Anti-inflammatory means (glucocorticoids
) Usually prescribed in extremely severe clinical situations when signs of inflammation are present on the skin. When the secondary infection is attached (That is, with the suppuration of peeling skin
) The patient discharge various antibacterial drugs. In addition to traditional drug treatment, physiotherapeutic treatment is also prescribed at this pathology (ultraviolet irradiation, oxygen, mud, sea baths, etc.
How to get rid of skin peeling on a woman's face?
Women's leather face is slightly different from male. First of all, in women, the thickness of the epidermis is somewhat less than in men, which makes it more susceptible to unfavorable external environmental factors (For example, humidity, air temperature, radiation radiation, mechanical friction, detergent, drugs
). It is because of this that the skin often looks dry and peeling. In addition, the appearance of these two symptoms is also due to the fact that women constantly use a large number of different cosmetics forSkin care
Persons who may contain toxic ingredients for it.
Secondly, the leather of the face in women is more sensitive, as it is provided with a large number of nerve endings than in men, as a result of which it periodically arises not only dryness and peeling, but also a feeling of burning, light tooth and minor soreness. Thirdly, the skin of the female can peel off not only on the background of dry, but on the background of oily skin. This is due to periodic hormonal perestroins, in which there is an increase in the level of androgen and the declineprogesterone
and estrogen, resulting in Seborrhea (Pathological condition in which there is an excessive oily skin
If a woman is exactly sure that her face peeling appeared under the influence of adverse environmental factors, then some measures should be taken from it. First, you need to avoid contact between the skin and the irritant itself.For example, change cosmetics, drug, move to another climatic zone, etc.
). This event is the most important thing, without it is quite difficult to get rid of the skin in full of peeling on the face and prevent his re-occurrence.
Secondly, you should try to remove the top (horny
) A layer of epidermis, so precisely at the expense of it and the skin flakes on the skin are formed. This can be done with the help of special cosmetics (scrubies and peels
). Scrubs and peelings are produced both for dry and fatty skin. The scrub differs from the peeling on the mechanism and depth. The scrub affects the skin more roughly and mechanically, thanks to its rigid granules. It clears the superficial layers of the epidermis. The composition of peeling usually includes acids or enzymes (Enzymes
), which get on the skin, chemically loose and remove skin flakes. Peeling, as a rule, acts much deeper than the scrub. Scrubs should not be applied in the presence of a patient on the face of mineramp
, Cooperosis (Extended vessels on the face
), as well as with the increased incidence of the skin of its face to the formation of keloid scars.
Thirdly, an equally important means of eliminating peeling on the skin of the face is the mandatory use of tonic after washing. The tonic is necessary to remove the unfavorable action of rigid, chlorinated water from under the crane on the skin of the face. This tool restores skin acidity after washing, cleans the skin from residual detergents (For example, soap
) And prepares it for the uniform distribution of the cream, which will be applied further on the face.
Since the peeling of the skin can occur not only under the influence of adverse factors, but also due to various pathologies (For example, diathesis, methods, avitaminosis, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, dehydration, ichthyosis
), then you should pay attention to the character of peeling and whether the patient has other symptoms. If various pathological elements appear on the skin of the face in addition to peeling (Gnove, stains, rash, erosion, etc.
) either it (peeling
) is associated with other symptoms (For example, irritability, dizziness, headache, weakness, light, conjunctivitis, etc.
), then immediately seek help from a dermatologist. When a patient is detected, one of the pathologies of the skin of the face (For example, diathesis, mikoz, avitaminosis, seborrheic dermatitis, etc.
) She is prescribed treatment similar to the men being held.The dermatologist should be counted for consultation in the following cases:
- A woman has a diffuse peeling of the skin of various parts of the body ( Persons, hands, feet, back, chest, etc. );
- Peeling of the skin of the person is accompanied by a strong itching and burning;
- The skin of the face peel on the background of bright red, edema skin;
- In places of peeling, a variety of pathological elements appear ( Spots, erosion, ulcers, cracks, ulcers, mocking, etc. );
- There is a focal, clearly delimited, itching peeling on the skin of the face;
- Skin peeling is accompanied by other symptoms ( dizziness, headache, malaise, joint pain, allergic reactions, diarrhea, hallucinations, paralyams, insomnia, etc. );
- The face of the face there are peeling spots, differing in color from the rest of the skin;
- The peeling is localized in the field of skin eyelashes, eyebrows, nasolabial folds, scalp.
Why does the skin on the face peel in winter?
The appearance of peeling of the skin on the face in winter is associated with sharp differences in temperature and humidity. Such drops arise due to the fact that a person in the winter season during the day is constantly mixed between the warm, heated premises (Apartment, home, workplace, shops, route taxis, car, etc.
) and a cold outer environment (Street
). The temperature differences and humidity differences are dried quickly and irritated to the skin of the face (Since it is one of the parts of the body, which is most in contact with the external environment.
), as a result, a simple contact dermatitis is developing (Skin inflammation
), one of whose manifestations is just the appearance of peelings on it.
Lack of what vitamins leads to the peeling of the skin?
Vitamins are very important chemicals that play an important role in various enzyme reactions. The human body needs new portions of vitamins every day, as they, in most cases, cannot be synthesized in the cells of its tissues. The lack of vitamins always leads to certain pathological conditions. Peeling the skin of the face is just one of the examples of such states. The skin of the face can peel with a lack of water-soluble (B2, B3, B6, B7, sometimes with
) and / or fat soluble (A, E.
) Vitamins. The most frequent causes of the lack of these vitamins are the wrong power mode (late food, constant consumption of fast foods, etc.
), abuse of diets, alcohol, antibiotics (Vitamins B2, B3, B6 in significant quantities are synthesized by the normal intestinal microflora
), diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (During them, nutrient suction processes are violated.
Why does the skin peel on the face after washing?
Tough (Magnesium and calcium salts
), the chlorinated water from the tap has a destructive effect on the skin of the face. Such water suits the skin significantly and disrupts its normal acidity. Washing such water contributes to the violation of the normal composition of microflora, which lives on its surface. All this leads to the fact that in the surface layers of the epidermis there are violations of its energization, as a result of which the peeling of the skin appears. Especially from this suffer from patients with fine and sensitive skin factors. In order for the skin not peeling, they are recommended to constantly use tonic, which should be applied to the face immediately after washing. Immediately after tonic, it is necessary to use moisturizing and feeding sensitive skin creams.
What folk remedies can be used when skin peel on face?
Folk remedies when peeling skin on the face can be used with a fairly narrow circle of pathologies (For example, with a simple contact dermatitis, avitaminosis, seborrheic dermatitis, some fungal diseases
). These funds are not recommended for psoriasis, ichthyosis, allergic skin diseases (Allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis
), dehydration of the body, serious fungal pathologies. With these diseases, folk treatments are ineffective. It should always be remembered that before starting to apply folk remedies, it is necessary to consult with the attending physician.When skin peeling, the following folk remedies can be used on the face:
- Mask from carrots. Take one middle carrot and grate it. After that, add one dry egg yolk and two tablespoons of potato flour to it. All this should be stirred. The resulting mixture must be put on the face in the form of a mask, evenly smearing through its entire surface. A carrot mask helps well with avitaminosis and a simple contact dermatitis, which is caused by adverse environmental factors.
- Mask of milk and flakes. Two tablespoons of oat or wheat flakes need to be mixed with equal ( or a little big ) The amount of boiled, hot milk. After this mixture it is necessary to provide some time ( 5 - 15 minutes ) In order for it a little more cool. Next, the mass should be evenly applied to the skin of the face by 10 - 15 minutes. Such a mask helps well with dry and peeling skin, the reason for which Avitaminosis has become or simple contact dermatitis.
- Starch-tomato mask. To lose a small tomato on the grater and add to it an equal amount of potato starch. Stir. Then this mass should drop 5 - 8 drops of vegetable oil ( sunflower, olive, corn ). Reload. After that, this mixture can be applied to the face for 10 to 20 minutes. The starch-tomato mask is usually used at simple contact dermatitis.
- Tincture of garlic. It is necessary to take several pieces of garlic and grind them. To the resulting casket, then you need to add an equal amount of 96% alcohol and pour into a small amount of distilled water. After that, this mass must be launched for some time ( several hours ). The tincture of garlic should be lubricated by the peeling skin of the face, affected by fungus.
- Infusion of Sage leaf. In order to prepare this tincture, it is necessary to take one tablespoon of dry leaves of the sage and put it in 200 ml of boiling water. The resulting mixture must be broken within 1 - 2 hours. After that, it needs to be strain and add some honey to it. Sage made from infusion leaves, which are applied to the flakes of the skin, affected by seborrheic dermatitis.
At what pathologies it is peeling, the skin on the face blushes and itches?
Peeling, redness and itching on the skin most often found with atopic or contact allergic dermatitis. These two types of dermatitis appear when contacting the skin of the face with various allergens and are characterized by quite pronounced itching and hyperemia (Redness
) Skin. Peeling with them may be of different intensity - from weakly-reason to a very pronounced. Often, the peeling of the skin of the face in these diseases is combined with various pathological elements - bubbles, papulas, serous crusts, mocking (Selection of transparent liquid epidermis
). Peeling, redness and itching on the skin of the face can also serve as a sign of dermatophytium (Fungal skin disease
). This disease is accompanied by the appearance on the skin of the face of clear, limited from healthy skin, red, peeling and scattering spots. The emergence of these three symptoms (peeling, redness and itching
) The person is very characteristic of atypical forms of psoriasis. Unfavorable external factors (For example, air humidity, air temperature, ionizing radiation, drugs, water from the tap, cosmetics, etc.
) There may also trigger the appearance on the skin of redness, itching and peeling.
Why does the skin on face spots peel?
Peeling on the skin in the form of stains is very characteristic of Mikosa (Multicolored losing or smooth skin dermatophytium
) or psoriasis. With multi-colored delices, peeling spots on the face have yellow, less often brown. They rarely scratch, the skin is almost never inflamed under them. In case of leather dermatophysophyte, stains have clearly defined borders, the dipstick edges. They are constantly growing in size, so it is clearly every focus of peeling (Each spot
) It looks like circles in a circle. In the center of such stains can often appear bubbles, cracks, erosion, pustulas, mocking (Separation of serous fluid from the epidermis
). The skin itself in them has a red color and a slightly edema. In the area of spots during dermatophytium, the patient usually feels itching, burning and light pain. In psoriasis, the stains appear on different parts of the body (For example, back, limbs, scalp, etc.
), not just on the face. They tend to have red, clear boundaries. Psoriasis spots are often merged with each other, forming even larger stains.
Why does the skin on face, hands and / or on the body peel?
Peeling of the skin on different parts of the body (face, hands, torso
) It may be caused by various reasons. Such a peeling can be observed in seborrheic dermatitis, ichthyosis, psoriasis, avitaminosis, dehydration, atopic dermatitis. If the peeling of the skin occurs against the background of oily skin, then seborrheic dermatitis is most likely, it is probable. With dehydration and avitaminosis, the patient's skin is usually not only peeling, but also dry. In addition, with these pathologies, various symptoms are additionally observed (For example, headache, dizziness, cracks on lips, muscle weakness, decrease in blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, skin sensitivity disorders, dry mouth, increase body temperature, etc.
The peeling of the skin with atopic dermatitis occurs immediately after contacting the patient with an allergen (wool, dust, cosmetics, detergent, medicine, mold, etc.
). It is always accompanied by intensive redness of the skin, the appearance of spots and pronounced itch. Peeling of the skin on different parts of the body (face, hands, torso
) during ichthyosis appears from the earliest childhood and has specific characteristics (The skin becomes similar to the fish
), so that it is rarely confused with other skin pathologies. With psoriasis, peeling on the skin is similar to spotted rashes, having a view of paraffin drops.