The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world, ranking 9th in the world in terms of population. On its territory there are both large high-tech and developed megalopolises and small settlements - townships, villages, villages and small cities located in different parts of the state.
The number of residents in large settlements is growing every year. Mostly young people come to metropolitan areas to get a better quality education than in their homeland. Citizens at a more mature age choose developed megacities to improve the quality of their lives. The fact is that they usually contain a large number of enterprises operating in various fields.
Among them are both industry and various trading companies, textile factories and so on. The development of the economy requires a constant influx of highly qualified and motivated personnel.
Do not forget about the flow of low-skilled labor. We are talking about migrants who come to the Russian Federation from neighboring states. Their main goal is to earn money for their family.
Some people manage to catch the chance and stay in the country to further develop their professional qualities and, as a result, improve their financial conditions and quality of life.
Migration within the state plays two roles at once - positive and negative. The first is the constant development of the recipient regions. Due to the increase in motivated students and qualified personnel, the number of professionals is growing who further use their skills and knowledge at work. The development of industrial enterprises and scientific centers leads to an improvement in the living conditions and financial well-being of the region.
As a result, the settlement is constantly developing, attracting finances and new residents to the region. In parallel with this, infrastructure is developing, new residential buildings and all the necessary components of residential complexes - various educational institutions - appear.
The downside of this process is the withering and degradation of the donor regions. This happens for simple and understandable reasons - all more or less interested young people with a good knowledge base go to regional centers. Young people with good potential remain in their native lands, but they cannot cover the outflow of personnel.
District centers are among the most populated states. They are also located in areas where there are industrial enterprises or companies engaged in the processing or mining of minerals. To calculate the exact number of inhabitants, a population census is carried out every few years, which makes it possible to obtain the result as accurately as possible.
The capital of the Russian Federation and also the largest city in the country. The total number of citizens is 12 678 079 people. It contains the best universities in Russia, as well as a huge number of various enterprises and industries. Tourists from all over the world are attracted here by many different attractions.
The northern capital, located on the banks of the Neva. It is home to almost two times less people than in Moscow - 5 398 064. Due to the fact that for a long time St. Petersburg was the capital of the state, it is distinguished by a developed economy and many historical buildings that have survived to this day.
The largest city beyond the Urals with 1,625,631 inhabitants. The constant influx of new people is provided mainly due to interstate migration. One of the largest scientific centers in Russia - Akademgorodok is located in the region.
The city of Ekaterina currently has 1,493,749 inhabitants. It houses large mining companies. It also hosted a number of matches in the 2018 FIFA World Cup, in honor of which a new stadium was built.
According to official data, there are 1,257,391 people in the capital of Tatarstan. On the territory of the republic, active oil production is being carried out, thanks to which the region is one of the richest in the Russian Federation. Also on its territory there are a large number of various universities that train specialists of the highest class.
The number of residents with a local residence permit increases every year due to migration, at the moment 1,252,236 people have a corresponding stamp in their passports. Several times it changed its name - Novgorod of Nizovskaya land, then - Gorky, and in 1990 the previous name was returned. It is the capital of GAZ car production.
1 196 680 citizens. The second largest (after Yekaterinburg) industrial, cultural and economic center beyond the Urals. Recently received the title of "city of labor glory".
The center of the Volga economic region, a city of military and labor glory, in which 1,156,659 people are registered. In 2018, he hosted a number of FIFA World Cup matches. It also houses the largest square and the tallest station building in Europe.
The second largest settlement in Siberia with 1,154,507 residents of Omsk. A number of enterprises of the oil and gas and chemical industries are located in the region. In 2020, he received the title of "City of Labor Glory".
The administrative center of the Southern Federal District, the number of Rostovites is 1,137,904. In the southern part of Russia it is a large economic, scientific, industrial and transport center. Also in 2018 he hosted the matches of the FIFA World Cup.
Due to the rapid pace of urbanization, which is both a consequence and results of the development of the economy of the regions of the Russian Federation, the areas of settlements in the Russian Federation are constantly increasing. This is facilitated by a large number of vacant land, so there is always room for the construction of new industrial centers, further development of infrastructure and the emergence of new residential complexes.
There are practically no agglomerations in the country, since construction is carried out mainly on empty spaces. Basically, new districts appear along existing transport arteries, which usually stretch along the entire metropolis, and then merge with a major highway or highway of a regional or even federal scale.
One of the features of megacities in Russia is the gradual increase in their area. Due to this, in the central parts there are usually beautiful examples of old architecture, which have survived almost in their original form to this day. New microdistricts are being built according to modern standards and outwardly are very different from areas with old buildings.
The capital of the Russian Federation has not only the largest population, but also a huge area - 2561 square kilometers. Periodically, it includes the territory of the region, due to which the metropolis can be called an agglomeration.
The city on the Neva is the second largest in the country. The total area of the territories is 1439 square kilometers. The large territory allows you to regularly build a large number of new buildings for different purposes.
859 square kilometers. Volgograd is quite long, as it is located on both sides of the Volga. A million-plus city.
799 square kilometers. In 1916, the first university in the Urals was opened there. A characteristic feature of the metropolis is a large number of small rivulets passing through the territory.
The capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan with an area of 708 square kilometers. Ufa is the most spacious settlement in Russia. The economy is based on the trade and economic and fuel and industrial complexes.
698 square kilometers. The first prison in Siberia was founded at the end of the 16th century. The scientific sphere is very developed due to large financial flows from oil and gas organizations.
The area is 621 square kilometers. The second largest city in terms of population and industrial development in the Orenburg region. Machine building, nonferrous metallurgy, mining, food and light industries are well developed.
596 square kilometers. The settlement is the birthplace of the Airborne Forces and the cradle of the Russian Navy. It is considered one of the largest economic centers in the country.
Siberian city covering an area of 572 square kilometers. The increase in the size of the metropolis was facilitated by the competent development of the available free spaces. Funding for these procedures is taken from the regional budget, replenished by enterprises of the oil and gas industry.
The capital of the Republic of Tatarstan occupies 425 square kilometers. The large territory allows for the qualitative development of the Russian region. This contributes to the improvement of the well-being of residents and the influx of new citizens.
Population density is an indicator that allows you to determine the density of the population of a particular settlement. It is calculated quite simply - the total number of inhabitants is divided by the area occupied by the metropolis. The high density may indicate two factors at once - in the megalopolis there are either a large number of high-rise buildings, or, on the contrary, the buildings are dense and mainly contain cheap and low-quality buildings.
In the list of the most densely populated megalopolises of the Russian Federation, there are just those in which preference is given to the construction of residential complexes, almost entirely and entirely consisting of high-rise buildings. In addition to them, all the infrastructure necessary for a comfortable life is being built and new jobs are being created.
The capital of the Russian Federation is in the top according to this indicator. The population density is 4950 people / km². The metropolis has many residential areas with erected high-rise buildings, many of which contain 20 or more floors.
The second largest federal subject of Russia with an indicator of 3847 people / km². The historic center contains mainly old buildings, new residential areas are built up with tall buildings. In this case, there is practically no difference with the capital.
The third large federal subject with a density of 519 people / km². It is a federal city. Its main features are a large number of attractions and the status of the base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.
The Moscow region is the second largest region of the Russian Federation, with a population density of 173 people / km². It is also the second federal subject after the capital in terms of income and quality of life. The main items of income are taxes on the profits of organizations and individuals.
The Republic of Ingushetia
The smallest region in Russia in terms of area, but it is in the top 5 in terms of population density with indicators of 162.36 people / km². It has a large number of fertile soils, as well as decent reserves of gas and oil. An oil pipeline has also been laid through the territory, connecting Baku and Novorossiysk.
Density - 91.44 people / km². It is an important economic center of the North Caucasian economic region. Budget revenues come from developed agriculture and the oil and gas industry.
Republic of North Ossetia - Alania
Neighbor of the Chechen Republic, the density is 87.25 people / km². The territory is well developed for agriculture and the electricity sector. In the latter, special attention is paid to the construction of hydroelectric power plants on small rivers.
Density - 75.19 people / km². There are more than six dozen different minerals in the depths. The Krasnodar Territory is the oldest oil-producing region in Russia, with more than 150 oil fields on its territory.
Republic of Crimea
Since 2014, the Crimean peninsula has been causing disagreements about its ownership between Russia and Ukraine. As part of the Russian Federation, it is one of the ten most densely populated federal subjects with a density of 73.33 people / km².
Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria
In the last position of federal subjects, the density value is 69.64 people / km². The budget is replenished by agriculture, as well as more than a hundred different industrial enterprises. There are also several hydroelectric power plants located on the territory of the republic.
The Russian Federation includes more than 1,100 cities. This status is given to settlements in which more than ten thousand people live. Cities are divided into several categories - small (from 10 to 50 thousand people), medium (from 50 to 100), large (from 100 to 250), large (from 250 to 1 million) and largest (million-plus cities). Representatives of the latter two are located mainly in the European part of the Russian Federation, closer to its southern part.
In large cities of the Russian Federation, a number of interrelated factors can be seen - a large area allows it to be built up with a large number of both industrial and residential buildings. This leads to an influx of new highly qualified personnel and young people who come to receive quality higher education.
Thanks to this, funds are flowing to the metropolis, the quality of life in it and the financial well-being of residents are improving. The next stage is the emergence of new companies and firms, the expansion of production begins, and the circle closes. A similar situation occurs in the southern regions of the Russian Federation due to the constantly developing tourism sector.
The city of Zapolyarny in the Murmansk region is recognized as the largest city in terms of its territory. Its population is less than 20 thousand people, and its area is four times larger than Moscow.
The large area of the city is due to the fact that the deposits in the place of which the city was formed are located far from each other, therefore Zapolyarny has such a large plot of land.
Norilsk also has the status of the largest city in Russia. The peculiarity of northern cities is that they are located in the territories of mining, and their area depends on how far the deposits are located.
Sochi ranks third in the ranking. The size of the area on which the resort town is located is due to the unique relief and length of the town along the Black Sea coast. It stretches for 145 km and consists of four districts that every Russian has heard of: Adlersky, Lazarevsky, Central and Khostinsky.
Speaking of southern cities, Volgograd should be noted. This is the longest city. It will stretch along the Volga 160 km.
Each city, small and large, southern and northern, homogeneous and multinational, has its own unique story, they always have something to see. But their most wealth is people who are hospitable and considering their city is the best in the world.
Perhaps everyone has already been read and know the top ten of the largest cities of Russia in the number of population:
But did you ask the question, and which cities of Russia are the largest in the area? Let's tell me about them:
The table is written about the 10 largest cities of Russia in Square.
As we see the top of the biggest cities of Russia in Square, much varies with the top of the largest cities of Russia in the population. Therefore, not always the city with a large number of people can have a large area.
Let's tell me now about the 3 biggest cities:
1. Moskva (population ~ 12,692,466 people).
Moscow - The capital and the largest city of Russia. Many paths and human destinies are leading here.
Moscow is a brilliant city, in all respects worthy to be called the capital.
2. Sankt-Petersburg (population ~ 5 398,064 people).
Saint Petersburg - One of the most beautiful cities is not only Russia, but also the whole world. It takes 2 place in terms of population in Russia and is included in the top 10 largest cities in Europe. Drawn on the coast of the Finnish Bay, at the mouth of the Neva River. Administrative center of the North-West Federal District and the Leningrad Region.
3. Volgograd (population ~ 1,008 998 people).
Volgograd One of the most glorious cities of Russia spread out on the West Bank of the Volga River, in the lower course. This city, one of the largest in the south of the country, throughout the history of existence repeatedly changed its name and appearance.
Hundreds of thousands of tourists go to Volgograd for the sake of one thing: "Mamaev kurgan" .
Thank you for reading my article!
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Russia is a huge country. Even in medieval times, it was called Russia "Gardarika" - "Land of cities". Indeed, the number of the largest city of Russia is still in those days of tens of times higher than the population of several European cities combined. We present to your attention a list of the top 16 of the largest Russian cities in the number of residents.
1. Moscow. Population: 12.63 million
Moscow is the largest city of Russia, its population as of January 1, 2019 was 12,630,289 inhabitants, but experts believe that in practice it is much more. The giant "Megapolis" consists of indigenous Muscovites and those who arrived from Russian depths, such as students, as well as foreigners and labor migrants, but nevertheless 90% are Russians.
By the way, Moscow's annual budget is 52 billion dollars, and, for example, London - 19 billion, and Paris - 11 billion, and not surprisingly, the city continues to increase and develop.
2. St. Petersburg. Population: 5.38 million
The city on the Neva, ranks second in terms of population in the Russian Federation, with a population of 5 381 736 people. (2019) St. Petersburg is often called the "Capital of Culture". It accommodates as many as 8,464 objects of cultural and historical heritage. The city amazes with the severity of its lines, despite the difficult terrain. This beautiful large city is constantly visited by many tourists from different countries of the world.
3. Novosibirsk. Population: 1.61 million
Novosibirsk is a relatively young city with a population of 1 million, with a population of 1,612,833 people. Despite the fact that the city is somewhat distant from the borders of the country and the capital, residents from eighty different countries of the world have found a place in it, among them there are Koreans with Finns, and Tatars with Kazakhs, as well as Poles, Belarusians and Ukrainians. However, about 90% of the inhabitants are Russians.
There are many educational institutions, universities, academies, institutes in Novosibirsk, 37 universities in total. The city has a subway, which is designed for 70 million passengers. Take a look at the unique seven-span covered metro bridge across the Ob, which has been awarded the title of the longest metro bridge in the world.
4. Yekaterinburg. Population: 1.46 million
The list is continued by the largest megapolis of the Urals - Yekaterinburg, which differs from other cities in Russia by its compactness: the territory is only 15 km wide and 20 km long with a population of 1,468,833 people. The city was born in the 13th century and is included in the list of 100 cities on the planet that are of world cultural value. There are over six hundred architectural structures in Yekaterinburg. Among them are monuments and sights that amaze with their beauty and grandeur.
5. Nizhny Novgorod. Population: 1.25 million
The large city of Nizhny Novgorod has spread its ancient territories in the place where the Oka and Volga rivers merge. As of January 1, 2018, 1,259,013 residents were recorded there, with an average age of forty years. Citizens of different nationalities are present, but the largest share is Russian - 95%.
In Nizhny Novgorod, the famous Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ) continues to operate, there is also a shipbuilding and aircraft plant, and many other enterprises.
6. Kazan. Population: 1.24 million
Kazan is the center of Tatarstan, which is called the "third capital of Russia". It is home to 1,243,500 people. The main attractions for tourists are mosques and temples, cathedrals and churches. There are also many unique historical architectural structures. What is worth seeing at the magnificent Millennium Bridge. There is also an excellent stadium "Rubin" and a cultural and entertainment complex "Piramida".
7. Chelyabinsk. Population: 1.20 million
The large and powerful city of Chelyabinsk occupies the seventh line in the list in terms of the number of inhabitants, of which, as of January 2018, there are 1,202,371 people. Chelyabinsk is the leader in the scale of industrial production and is a powerful center of metallurgy; even during the Soviet era, it became the flagship of the ferrous metallurgy.
8. Omsk. Population over 1.17 million
In the place where the rivers Irtysh and Om merge, the industrial city of Omsk has spread its large territory, the number of people living in it at the beginning of 2018 is 1,172,070 people. Back in the distant years, the advantageous territorial location interested Russian explorers, and in 1716 a full-fledged city was born on this place. Now it has become the eighth largest city with a million population, and is the main transport hub in South-West Siberia.
9. Samara. Population - 1.16 million
The next large city, Samara, which in Soviet times was called Kuibyshev, already in 1989 reached a large population, and now it has 1,163,399 inhabitants. In Samara, all the highest, longest, or large-scale sights.
What is it like? And like this: for example - the highest in Europe "Samara Railway Station", then the longest embankment street, and even the largest area in Europe (17.4 hectares). Also worth noting is the Soyuz launch vehicle monument at the Museum and Exhibition Center. There are such famous sights as the monument to Vysotsky and Chapaev, as well as the "Glory" memorial.
10. Rostov-on-Don. Population: 1.13 million people
Next on the list is the beautiful city of Rostov - a millionaire with a population of 1,130,305. Rostov-on-Don is rich in architectural structures and monuments, of which there are about five hundred. The city is called beautiful for a reason, it is full of many wonderful parks and fountains.
The largest zoo in Europe is also located here, with an area of about 100 hectares. The Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is also considered a significant architectural monument.
11. Ufa. Population: 1.12 million
And this is the administrative center of Bashkiria - the city of Ufa. It has 1,120,547 inhabitants and is an important industrial and cultural center. The city is full of wonderful attractions, such as museums with unique rare artifacts and exhibitions of folk and author's works.
12. Krasnoyarsk. Population over 1.09 million
The 12th position is occupied by the large industrial city of Krasnoyarsk. Today the city has 1,090,511 inhabitants. The city has a variety of large bridges, and one of the most famous sights of Krasnoyarsk can be viewed with a 10-ruble banknote.
13. Perm. Population - 1.05 million
Perm is a city in the east of the European part of Russia, in the Urals, on the banks of the Kama River, below the confluence of the Chusovaya River into it. A large diversified industrial, scientific, cultural and logistics center of the Urals. The city was founded in 1723, in 1940-1957 it was called Molotov. In 1916, the first university in the Urals was opened in Perm. Population - 1 055 583 people. (2019), more than 90% of them are Russians.
In terms of the volume of industrial production, Perm ranks first in the Urals, surpassing in terms of this indicator the population of Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk and Ufa.
14. Voronezh. Population - 1.05 million
Voronezh is located on the banks of the Voronezh River, 12 kilometers from its confluence with the Don; distance from Moscow - 463 km. The population of the city of Voronezh as of January 1, 2019 is 1,054,537 people. Voronezh is considered the "cradle" of the Russian regular (state) navy and the birthplace of the airborne troops.
The lives of many famous people are connected with Voronezh, for example: Nobel laureates in physics N. Basov and P. Cherenkov, writers I. Bunin and A. Platonov, poets O. Mandel'shtam, S. Marshak, A. V. Koltsov and I. Nikitin.
15. Volgograd. Population - 1.01 million
Volgograd is a city in the southeast of the European part of the Russian Federation with a population of 1,013,533 people (2018). Until 1925, it was called Tsaritsyn, from 1925 to 1961 - Stalingrad. Hero city, the most important point in the defense of Tsaritsyn and the Battle of Stalingrad.
The city is in a difficult economic situation - it is the poorest of the cities in Russia with a population of one million. The city also lags behind in terms of wages and the number of small businesses.
16. Krasnodar. Population - 1 million
Krasnodar (until 1920 - Yekaterinodar) is a city in southern Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuban River, at a distance of 120 km from the Black Sea, 140 kilometers from the Sea of Azov and 1300 km south of Moscow. Together with the adjacent rural settlements, it forms the city of Krasnodar with the status of an urban district, the population of which has reached 1 million people.
A large economic and cultural center of the North Caucasus and the Southern Federal District, the center of the historical and geographical region of Kuban. Unofficially called the capital of the Kuban, as well as the southern capital of Russia. Krasnodar occupies one of the leading places in the all-Russian rating of cities with growing business activity.
* * *Total population in Russia
as of January 1, 2019, according to Rosstat, it was 146 793 700 people. Live in cities - 109 451 324 people. Live in villages - 37 342 420 people.Forecast for 2019.
Experts say that the population of Russia will grow in 2019. The main growth factors will be:
- migration of refugees from Ukraine;
- labor migration from less wealthy countries;
- increasing the average life expectancy in the Russian Federation;
- an increase in the birth rate against the background of a number of government programs adopted to support young families.
By the way, the average life expectancy in the Russian Federation in 2019 will be 72 years and 6 months.